German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s thank you message to BGF’s Award

The Boston Global Forum is very pleased to have received a message from German Chancellor Angela Merkel thanking the BGF for naming her a “World Leader for Peace, Security and Development’’.


Gov.  Michael Dukakis, BGF’s chairman, in announcing the award,  said that Chancellor Merkel has “worked tirelessly toward these goals, not only in Germany, but in the European Union and adjoining regions.

“Now in her 10th year as chancellor, she has a legacy few post-war European leaders can match. She has led Germany through its economic recovery, while also holding together the Euro Zone as it faced the danger of default by a member nation. She has led the  European response to the crisis in Ukraine, promoting tough sanctions while speaking out against those who would escalate the military conflict.

“Most recently  she has led the European response to the  {Mideast} refugee crisis and done so by example, opening Germany’s borders and doors to nearly a million asylum seekers.’’

Mr. Ralf Horlemann, consul general in Boston for the Federal Republic of Germany, in expressing the chancellor’s appreciation for the award, told Governor Dukakis:

“It is a great honor to receive the award in recognition of her leadership and contributions to peace and security. The German government will continue to work for a European solution to the challenges of migration and thus contribute to peace and security in Europe and beyond.’’

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s award acceptance speech and message to the Global Cybersecurity Day

(Tokyo, December 12, 2015) –  Prime Minister Shinzo Abe extended his appreciation for being chosen as the recipient of Boston Global Forum’s World Leader in Cybersecurity Award, and expressed his commitment to take all efforts to reinforce the cybersecurity both in Japan and abroad. 

The messages was sent to Boston Global Forum’s Global Cybersecurity Day First event which was held in  the America-Japan Society,  Tokyo at 12:00 noon local time on December 12, 2015 ( at 10:00 PM December 11 in Boston time).

In the PM Abe’s view, cybersecurity is a critical issue to the national security and Japan’s crisis management, as well as an important element fostering the Japan’s Growth Strategy. He said his government will “take all possible means to ensure cybersecurity”, given its mission of successfully hosting Ise-Shima Summit in 2016, Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2020.

In his speech, PM Abe also stressed that “We are now engaged as a national in all our efforts to reinforce cybersecurity. Theses include the Government’s enactment of the Basic Action Cybersecurity in Nov 2014 and a Cabinet Decision taken in Sep this year on our new Cybersecurity Strategy”, and expressed his commitment to cooperate with international communities in the fight against cyber crime: “Japan will continue to cooperate closely with the US and other partners in the International community, reliably safeguard our nation’s important information and property while playing a leading role in achieving the peace and stability of the international community.”

Watch the full speech of PM Abe here:



Remarks by Governor Michael Dukakis honoring PM Shinzo Abe in the “Global Cybersecurity Day”

Chancellor Angela Merkel, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe are named in honor at “Global Cybersecurity Day”

Video: Global Cybersecurity Day conference in Harvard University Faculty Club, December 12, 2015



Co-Founder; Chairman of The Board of Directors and Board of  Thinkers, The Boston Global Forum. Democratic Party Nominee for President of the United States, 1988. Distinguished Professor J.D., Harvard University

Michael Stanley Dukakis was born in Brookline, Massachusetts to Greek immigrant parents. He attended Swarthmore College and Harvard Law School and served in the United States Army from 1955-1957, sixteen months of which was with the support group to the U.S. delegation to the Military Armistice Commission in Korea.

He served eight years as a member of the Massachusetts legislature and was elected governor of Massachusetts three times. He was the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1988.

Since 1991 he has been a distinguished professor of political science at Northeastern University in Boston, and since 1996 visiting professor of public policy during the winter quarter at UCLA in Los Angeles. He is chairman of Boston Global Forum.

He is married to the former Kitty Dickson. They have three children—John, Andrea and Kara—and eight grandchildren.



Co-Founder and Member of Board of Directors, Boston Global Forum; Acting Director of Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy; Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press of Harvard Kennedy School

Thomas E. Patterson is Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press of Harvard Kennedy School and has served as the Acting Director of Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy since July 1, 2015. His book, The Vanishing Voter, looks at the causes and consequences of electoral participation. His earlier book on the media’s political role, Out of Order, received the American Political Science Association’s Graber Award as the best book of the decade in political communication. His first book, The Unseeing Eye, was named by the American Association for Public Opinion Research as one of the 50 most influential books on public opinion in the past half century.

He also is author of Mass Media Election and two general American government texts: The American Democracy and We the People. His articles have appeared in Political Communication, Journal of Communication, and other academic journals, as well as in the popular press. His research has been funded by the Ford, Markle, Smith-Richardson, Pew, Knight, Carnegie, and National Science foundation.

Patterson received his PhD from the University of Minnesota in 1971.


Co-Founder, Editor-in-Chief, and Chief Executive Officer of The Boston Global Forum; Chair of International Advisory Committee of UNESCO Chair on Global Citizenship Education, UCLA

Nguyen Anh Tuan was the Founder and Chairman of the VietNamNet Media Group and the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of VietNamNet Online Newspaper. Tuan was also the Founder and CEO of the VASC Software and Media Company and VietNet, the first Internet service provider in Vietnam.

In 1996,the Government of Vietnam named Tuan among the Top 10 Most Outstanding Young Talentsin the country.

Under Tuan’s leadership, VietNamNet raised significant political topics for reform in Vietnam. He pioneered an interactive live format called the VietNamNet Online Roundtable that allowed online viewers to participate in interviews of leading political, social and cultural figures as well as foreign dignitaries. In 2009, Tuan conceived a global initiative called the World Compassion and Reconciliation Day on September 9th of each year.

In 2007, as a Shorenstein Center’s Fellow, Tuan researched key trends in the development of electronic media in Vietnam.

In 2011, Tuan was a part of the Pacific Leadership Fellows Program at the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies at the University of California in San Diego. That year, he was also a speaker at the prestigious annual Club de Madrid Conference on the subject of Democracy and Digital Technology.

From February 2011 to July 2014 Tuan was an Associate of the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Tuan is currently a Visiting Scholar of  College of Communication , Boston University in academic year 2014 – 2015.

In April 2012, Tuan  founded the Tran Nhan Tong Academy.

In December 2012, Tuan co-founded the Boston Global Forum with the Honorable Michael Dukakis who was Massachusetts Governor and U.S. Presidential candidate, and currently serving as member of its Chief Executive Board and Editor-in-Chief .

Also in 2012, together with Ambassador Swanee Hunt, Tuan established the Charles Ansbacher Music Club to bring classical music to people who live in remote and distant locations.

Tuan has been a member of Harvard Business School Global Advisory Board since 2008. He also serves on the Board of Trustees of the Free for All Concert Fund in Boston, and since July 2015 as Chair of International Advisory Committee of UCLA – UNESCO Chair on Global Citizenship Education.

UCLA Establishes New UNESCO Chair In Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education

(Feb.08, 2016, Los Angeles) – The UCLA Graduate School of Education and Information Studies celebrated the establishment of a new United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education Monday night at the Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles.


Speech of UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova during the conference. 

The new UNESCO Chair was officially announced at a celebration honoring the 70th Anniversary of UNESCO featuring Director-General Irina Bokova.  She was welcomed by UCLA Chancellor Gene Block and introduced by Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti.

The UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education will further the work of the University to understand and improve global learning and citizenship and its importance in protecting the environment.  The effort includes the development of a new UCLA initiative in Children’s Environmental Education with the UCLA Lab School and the UCLA Institute for Environment and Sustainability.

“We are very pleased to join with UNESCO in celebrating their 70th Anniversary and honored to partner with them in seeking to achieve their goals of global sustainability through the promotion of global education and citizenship,” said UCLA GSE&IS Wasserman Dean Marcelo Suárez-Orozco.

“Improving global education and citizenship is critical to reducing poverty and inequality and key to protecting the environment. This new collaboration will greatly boost the efforts of UCLA to bring global citizenship education to a new level of excellence, rigor, and relevance,” Suárez-Orozco added.



Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, CEO of the Boston Global Forum and Chair of International Advisory Committee of UNESCO-UCLA Chair on Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education; UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova; UCLA Distinguished Professor and UNESCO Chair holder Professor Carlos Alberto Torres; and Dr. Ana Elvira Steinbach Torres.

UCLA Distinguished Professor of Education Carlos Alberto Torres will serve as the inaugural UNESCO Chair. The work of the new chair will promote an integrated system of research, training, information and documentation on global learning and global citizenship education and foster excellence and innovation in research and practice. The Chair will facilitate collaboration between high level internationally recognized researchers and teaching staff of the University and other institutions across the globe.

“It is a great honor to serve as the inaugural UNESCO Chair at UCLA,” said UCLA Distinguished Professor of Education Carlos Alberto Torres.  “This work is of critical importance and I look forward to collaborating with our UNESCO partners to place global citizenship education at the forefront of teaching and learning the world over.”

 At the event, global philanthropist and education leader Courtney Sale Ross was also honored as the inaugural recipient of the UCLA Global Citizen Award, which recognizes individuals making transformational change for children through visionary leadership in education in the global era.

“Courtney Sale Ross is a true pioneer championing transformational change,” said Dean Suarez-Orozco. “Ahead of her peers, she has recognized that preparing all students to meet the challenges of the 21st century requires an entirely new education model. We greatly admire her leadership in global learning and are honored to recognize her groundbreaking efforts.”



Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet and Society, Harvard Law School; Chief Technology Officer, Resilient Systems, Inc.

Bruce Schneier is an internationally renowned security technologist, called a “security guru” by The Economist. He is the author of 12 books — including the New York Times best-seller “Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World” — as well as hundreds of articles, essays, and academic papers. His influential newsletter “Crypto-Gram” and blog “Schneier on Security” are read by over 250,000 people.

Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and an Advisory Board member of the Electronic Privacy Information Center. He is also the Chief Technology Officer of Resilient Systems, Inc. in Alewife. MA.

The Boston Global Forum honored Bruce Schneier on Dec. 12, 2015 as a “’Business Leader in Cyber-Security for dedicating his career to the betterment of technology, security and privacy’’ in the Internet.’’ Watch his acceptance speech here.

Inauguration of the UCLA UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education

(February 8, 2016) – Professor Carlos Alberto Torres, member of Boston Global Forum’s Board of Thinkers, Distinguished Professor of Education at University of California  – Los Angeles (UCLA), delivers his speech at the International Conference on Global Citizenship Education on Monday, Feb.08 in the Hacienda Room of the UCLA Faculty Center, Los Angeles.

The UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education at the UCLA Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, and the Paulo Freire Institute-UCLA will host the conference.

The conference will also marks the formal inauguration of the UCLA-UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education. This is the first ever UNESCO Chair in the UC System, and the first UNESCO Chair in Global Citizenship Education.

Read his full speech below.

It humbles me to speak at the International Conference on Global Citizenship Education, a propos of the formal inauguration of the UCLA UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education. This is the first ever UNESCO Chair in the UC System, and the first UNESCO Chair in Global Citizenship Education.

But why Global Citizenship Education, and why now?

1- Global Citizenship Education provides global answers to global and local problems:

Putting every child in school, improving the quality of learning and fostering global citizenship are the three principles of the Global Education First Initiative launched by the United Nations in 2012. Three principles intimately inter-related which constitute the soul of the post 2015 development model advocated by the United Nations and its specialized agencies, particularly UNESCO to be implemented until 2030.

UNESCO provides the following definition: “Global citizenship refers to a sense of belonging to a broader community and common humanity. It emphasizes political, economic, social and cultural interdependency and interconnectedness between the local, the national and the global” (UNESCO, 2015. P. 14; UNESCO, 2014, p. 14)

2.- A most important claim in the UCLA UNESCO Chair research is that the foundations of Global Citizenship Education rest on the concept of Global Commons,  which is defined in turn by three basic propositions.

First, our planet is our only home, and we have to protect it through a global citizenship sustainable development education.

Second, global commons is predicated on the idea that global peace is an intangible cultural good of humanity with immaterial value. Global peace is a treasure of humanity and therefore we need to build a culture of peace everywhere.

Third, global commons is predicated on the need to find ways for people who are all equal manage to live together democratically in an ever growing diverse world, seeking to fulfill their individual and cultural interest and achieving their inalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

How can we implement Global Citizenship Education and what are the expected outcomes? An agenda for research, teaching, policy and practic of the UCLA UNESCO Chair.  

1. – GCE should promote an ethics of caring, or what Saint Ignatius termed Cura personalis. The care for the individual person and human rights remains a central characteristic of GCE. An ethics of caring is central to the implementation of Global Citizenship Education embracing a key concept of Feminist theory.

2. – GCE can only be understood within a social justice education framework. Without bare essentials we cannot fully accomplish citizenship. Bare essentials speak of economic citizenship including the right to a job, education, health care, affordable housing, and retraining over the course of life. Global Citizenship cannot substitute for national citizenship but has to add value to local, national, and regional citizenship.

3.- GCE helps produce a new narrative in education, seeking an education beyond numbers and sense, beyond cognitive learning; seeking holistic learning that includes in addition to cognitive learning ethics, aesthetics, spiritual, and artistic goals.

4. – GCE will help to produce new models of conflict resolution and negotiation strategies for different regions of the world.  For example, in conflicts and post-conflict situations, GCE is seen in the rubric of peace education (UNESCO, 2014).  Global Citizenship Education as civic education is a premise for democratic participation prevailing in those contexts that have experienced totalitarian regimes or dictatorships. Slightly different is also the case of areas where regional cooperation mechanisms have placed much emphasis on other critical elements of GCE such as civics and citizenship, democracy and good governance, as well as peace and tolerance. (UNESCO, 2014, p.18).

5. – Based on an ethics of caring and compassion, GCE seeks to understand, explain and solve the immigration crisis of today.

6. -The world is changing, cultures are intersecting, and borders are more permeable than ever. Global citizenship education will be able to respond to one of the most important impacts of globalization: the growing culture of hybridity that crisscross the world. Hybridity is everywhere – in music and youth cultures, taste, dress and speech codes, culinary delights, and aesthetic expressions. Hybridity is also changing identities.

7. – Global Citizenship education is a way of learning with a strong emphasis on the collective dimensions of knowledge in a time and age that we are bombarded by ‘self-directed learning’, ‘individualized modules’ or possessive competitive individualism’ mostly connected to neoliberalism as outlined by my former student Peter Mayo, (2015, p. 865). As Werner Wintersteiner et al argue global citizenship education: “responds to globalization by expanding the concept of civic education to global society”; adopts the ethical values of peace education and human rights education; draws upon the “global society” perspective provided by global education, which not only investigates global topics, but more specifically merges the global and the local into the glocal; combines mainly these three pedagogical fields through the concept of global citizenship in terms of political participation as such, but particularly on a global scale” (Wintersteiner et al., 2015)

8.- Global Citizenship Education will help to connect the global and the local dimensions, synchronizing the national educational policies to the global policies advocated by the United Nations.  The sixty-ninth session of the United States Assembly set 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets demonstrating the scale and ambition of a new universal Agenda of the Post-2015 development agenda. For global citizenship education, goal 4.7 is most relevant:  “4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development” Retrieved October 6, from

Not by chance the most complete formulation of public education responsibilities is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), a document issued in the aftermath of World War II when the international community, shocked by the recent tragic events, sat around a table to find the ways so that the disaster would not be repeated ever again. The Universal Declaration states in Article 26:

“Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace”.

In this spirit, GCE brings together the agendas of different fields of education including Development Education, Human Rights Education, Education for Sustainability, Education for Peace and Conflict Prevention, Intercultural and Interfaith Education, and the global dimension of Education for Citizenship:

9.- GCE will enhance the threshold of a new global consciousness based on human rights and universal values, but also incorporating diversity and a critical analysis of power relations and global inequalities. Our research focus on teachers and teaching education, and the practice of participatory action research in our research model should help designing strategies that work in promoting global citizenship education.

10.- GCE may contribute to develop new skills for the 21st century for the youth bulge that is growingly restless and facing a jobless future. The future is already here, in the faces and dreams as well as anguish of those children and youth that wonder about their own future, wonder whether they will have a job, wonder if those jobs will produce inner satisfaction, and wonder if they will be able to pay their bills. A large number of the youth today do not work or study, we shall change this with our research, policy and practice.

11.- GCE employs a new lifelong learning perspective in the transition of education to work. Challenging inequalities of many kinds we face the need to incorporate more poor and underrepresented people as well as women and girls, in different educational environments; particularly reshaping the investment in higher education. For instance, we may consider implementing GCE as a diversity requirement course throughout undergraduate education in the USA and worldwide. This will also be compatible with the strategy of internationalization being pursued by quality universities in the world system.

12.- In a world that is increasingly interdependent, GCE promotes a sense of belonging to the global community emphasizing a shared common humanity among people. But the community of destiny shared by all human being, also involved the biosphere and natural environment.

In summary

  • Global Citizenship Education will help to refocus on a new Learning Strategy worldwide.
  • It will help to rethink the dominant narrative in education that has grown too technocratic in terms of policy strategies of how to enhance educational environments.
  • It will help to rethink educational outcomes (and the concept of quality of education) with its focus almost exclusively on learning cognitive outcomes to the detriment of affective, spiritual, ethical, moral, aesthetical and artistic outcomes.
  • It will help to situate an ethics of caring– a key principle of articulation of GCE– in the growing inter-penetration of societies and cultures in this phase of globalization.
  • It will help to define a concept of holistic education that is behind this strategy and learning approach.
  • Global Citizenship Education will help to promote a culture of academic rigor, discernment and struggle against injustices.
  • But above all, Global Citizenship Education constitutes a most valuable tool to interrupt inequality.
  • Global Citizenship Education will work in creating a new generation of critical thinkers who are aware of global inequalities and start during their learning sojourns to think about structural solutions, not only social entrepreneurship efforts, good and sublime as they may be.

We formally inaugurate the UCLA UNESCO Chair in the year that we celebrate the 500 anniversary of Thomas Moro’s famous book Utopia, a book that marked the understanding and deliberations of the nascent political science as a discipline and governance as its practice. I hope that 500 years from now, someone will remember that a group of enthusiastic educators and people of good will congregated today at UCLA to deliberate academically and to launch the UCLA UNESCO Chair on Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education. We are here today because we are convinced that one of the most effective ways to interrupt inequality is to struggle implementing global citizenship education worldwide. From the bottom of my hearth, I want to thank to all of you to be with us and for sharing the dream. But now, we shall get to work.

Prof. Carlos Alberto Torres

UNESCO Chair on Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education, UCLA



Mayo, Peter. “Italian signposts for a sociologically and critically acclaimed pedagogy. Don Lorenzo Milani (1023-1967) and the Schools of San Donato and Barbiana revisited” British Journal of Sociology of Education, Volume 36, Number 6, September 2015, pages 853-870.

Werner Wintersteiner, Heidi Grobbauer, Gertraud Diendorfer, Susanne Reitmair-Juárez. Global Citizenship Education. Citizenship Education for Globalizing Societies. In cooperation with the Austrian Commission for UNESCO Klagenfurt, Salzburg, Vienna 2015

United Nations, Retrieved October 6, from

UNESCO. Concept Note UNESCO Forum on Global Citizenship Education: Preparing learners for the challenge of the 21st Century. 2-4 December 2013, Bangkok, Thailand.

UNESCO. Global Citizenship Education. Preapring Lerners for the Challenges of the 21st Century.

UNITED NATIONS. (2014) Ministers and Heads of delegation attending the UN Climate Change Conference 2014 – COP20 – (1-12 December 2014, Lima, Peru)

Live on Feb. 3: David Sanger’s talk on Strategies for Combating Cyber-terrorism

(Jan. 30, 2016) – The Boston Global Forum (BGF) is pleased to introduce the first in series of online dialogues to build the BGF-G7 Summit Initiative. This session will be with David E. Sanger, the chief Washington correspondent of The New York Times, at 3 p.m. (Eastern Time) on Feb. 3, in the Shorenstein Center in Harvard’s Kennedy School.


Watch the live-streamed video here

See David Sanger’s presentation here:

Short of war


This is just our summary of his talk:

Mr. Sanger discussed the various forms of cyber-aggression, including cyber-attacks that physically damage foes’ equipment, such as the U.S. “Stuxnet’’ attack on Iranian nuclear development; cyber-theft of intellectual property; cyber-invasions of personal privacy; cyber-manipulation of data; cyber-disinformation and propaganda, and cyber-attacks meant as political coercion, such as North Korea’s attack on Sony. He noted how much more difficult cyber-attacks can be to defend against compared to “kinetic attacks,’’ such as with cruise missiles.

He detailed the difficulties of retaliating against cyber-attacks because of the possibility that in doing so, a country or other organization might reveal secrets of its own digital operations. In any case, he noted, the defensive response can include economic sanctions as well as direct cyber-attacks to confuse and mislead foreign actors or even to disable some of an attacker’s infrastructure. Governments are still learning how to calibrate and graduate their responses to cyber-aggression.

Gov Dukakis Feb 03

Governor Michael Dukakis, Chairman of Boston Global Forum, moderates the talk.

He emphasized that while nations must be careful in responding to cyber-attacks, they make themselves too vulnerable if their passivity leads foes to think they can be attacked at will. Foes must be made to know that attacked nations will respond.

In answer to a question in the Q&A, David Sanger ranked Russia as the most expert cyber-attacker and China as the most relentless. And he said, in answer to another question, that the United Nations can’t do much about cyber-attacks at this point, in part because the private sector runs so much of the cyber-world.

Answering another question, he suggested that the G7 nations need to clarify and expand on the acceptable “norms’’ of cyber-behavior by national governments, though, again, any such joint actions would have limited force because there’s so much bad cyber-behavior by nongovernmental groups and individuals.

David Sanger and Mr. NGuyen Anh Tuan2

Photo: Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, CEO of Boston Global Forum, moderated the Q&A.

Complicating matters, he noted, are privacy-protection disagreements among some G7 nations, particularly between the U.S. and some of its European allies, about the surveillance of digital activities, for example by cooperating with Google, Facebook and Twitter. These disagreements can sometimes make joint action very hard to achieve. And technology companies can fear exposing lots of their users’ information to governments.

He noted that privacy rules, mostly in Western nations, and other legalities can often make it difficult for governments to identify and stop cyber-attacks. “The Internet was not designed with security in mind,’’ he noted.

Indeed, he said, as far as dealing with cyber threats, we’re about “where aviation was at the time of the Wright Brothers.’’ For now, governments, other institutions and individuals must recognize their vulnerabilities and engage in the cyber-equivalent of “safe sex’’ — such a frequently changing passwords and layering on other layers of protection – e.g., fingerprints and retinal identification. But there is no perfect protection.


About David Sanger

Besides his Times duties, Mr. Sanger is a Senior Fellow for National Security and the Press at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard’s Kennedy School and Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy at the Kennedy School.

David E Sanger

David Sanger in a Boston Global Forum conference on October 16, 2016 at Harvard University Faculty Club.

In a 32-year career at the paper, he has been a member of two teams that won the Pulitzer Prize, and has received some of journalism’s other top awards, too. He has covered national security, including nuclear proliferation; foreign policy; the White House, and international economics.

Mr. Sanger has also written two best-sellers on foreign policy: The Inheritance: The World Obama Confronts and the Challenges to American Power (2009) and Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power (2012).

About The BGF-G7 Summit Initiative

The G7 summit will be held in Japan this year. The BGF-G7 Summit Initiative is a new program of The Boston Global Forum, which is cooperating with the Japanese government, as the summit’s host, to convene leading scholars as well as political, business, technology and other leaders to generate solutions to overcome the most pressing global peace, security and development challenges. The G7 represents the seven leading industrial democracies.

Proposals from the initiative will be sent to the national leaders at this year’s G7 Summit, to be held May 26-27

About Boston Global Forum

The Boston Global Forum ( was co-founded three years ago by former Democratic presidential candidate and former Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis, who is now a Distinguished Professor at Northeastern University; Prof. John Quelch, the Charles Edward Wilson Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School; Prof. Thomas Patterson, the Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press at the Harvard Kennedy School, and Nguyen Anh Tuan, the CEO and Editor-in-Chief of the Boston Global Forum, and the founder and chairman of VietNamNet Media Company and VietNet, the first Internet Service Provider in that nation.

Business cyber-security expert Schneier to speak at BGF event Feb. 11

(Boston, Feb. 06, 2016) –  Bruce Schneier, an American cryptographer and expert on computer security and cyber-privacy issues, will speak at 10:30 a.m. (Eastern Time in U.S.) on Thursday, Feb. 11, on how business — especially international companies – can best address cyber-security dangers.

His talk, “Sony and the future of cyber conflict”, followed by a Q&A, will be held at Harvard University’s Kennedy School as the second in a series of 12 online dialogues, sponsored by the Boston Global Forum (BGF) and focusing on “Strategies for Combating Cyber-terrorism” leading up to the G7 Summit on May 26-27. The dialogues are part of the BGF-G7 Summit Initiative.

Watch the live-streamed talk here:

Discussants are encouraged to send questions to [email protected]. Members of the Boston Global Forum’s Special Editorial Board will gather your insights and send them to the speaker.

The talk will be live-streamed at


Mr. Bruce Schneier, Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, and the Chief Technology Officer at Resilient Systems. Photo: David Brody.

Mr. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, a program fellow at the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute and the chief technology officer  of Resilient Systems.

He is the author of several books on general security topics, computer security and cryptography and a contributing writer for The Guardian.

The Boston Global Forum honored Bruce Schneier on Dec. 12, 2015 as a “’Business Leader in Cyber-Security for dedicating his career to the betterment of technology, security and privacy’’ in the Internet.’’ Watch his acceptance speech here.




Unencrypted data will continue to dominate the Internet

(Feb. 06, 2016) – A  study from Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet Society  released on Monday last week refutes claims that wider use of encryption in software products will hamper investigations into terrorism and crime.  Jeremy Samide, the Michael Dukakis Leadership Fellow and Lead Consultant to SteathCare Labs, shared his opinion on the report.

Read his view below.


Jeremy Samide (on the right) in a meeting with Professor Ezra Vogel during the week in Boston as a part of Michael Dukakis Leadership Fellow Program in September 2015.

Accessible, unencrypted data will be available to law enforcement and will continue to dominate the Internet, a Harvard study coming from the Berkman Center for Internet Society says.  The study, which was released last week, refutes the claims made by law enforcement and many governments that the use of wider encryption in applications will hinder investigations into terrorism and crime.

With the expansion of Internet connected devices like smart TVs, home cameras, thermostats and vehicles, these devices will offer new opportunities for tracking targets.  The technology industry has come under pressure as government officials in the US and UK, who say that increasing data security through encryption will diminish their capabilities to fight terrorism and crime.  As end-to-end encryption continues to gain popularity within systems, it leaves users the sole possession of the decryption keys.  Without a password, other means to attempt to decrypt data would need to be used by law enforcement.  Back doors and special keys designed for the sole purpose to circumvent  encryption only weakens our defenses globally.  

There are other methods to approach this issue when looking at it from a terrorism perspective; targeting the configuration and implementation of the encryption in order to identify the key factors and gain perspective.  Other means, as the study suggests, would be to focus on the non-encrypted traffic created by the hundreds of millions of newly connected devices coming online that will make up most of the Internet’s data traffic.  The study is quoted as saying that “The trajectory of technological development points to a future abundant in unencrypted data.”

German leader Angela Merkel says refugees must return home once war is over

(Jan.31, 2016) – In an effort to placate the increasingly vocal critics of her open-door policy for refugees the German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Saturday at a regional meeting of her Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania that “Once there is peace in Syria again, once IS has been defeated in Iraq, that you go back to your home country with the knowledge that you have gained.”


German chancellor Angela Merkel says refugees will return to their homeland, once the war is over. Photo: Fredrik von Erichsen

The critics come after increasing reports of Crime and security, in particular, a wave of assaults on women in Cologne at New Year celebration by men of north African and Arab appearance.

Merkel also urged the European countries to offer more help to reduce the illegal refugees, according the Reuters.

See more at

Shinzo Abe: Japan won’t fight Islamic State

(Jan. 31, 2016) – Japan still sticks with its scheme of providing humanitarian and monetary aids instead of sending its people to directly join the international force in the fight against terrorist or environment crisis.


Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stated Tuesday Japan’s Self-Defense Forces would not be joining others in combat in the Middle East. File Photo by Keizo Mori/UPI

Prime Minister Shizo Abe said on Tuesday that Japan would not plan to join the international coalition against the Islamic State, and that “”This decision will remain unchanged for the foreseeable future.” Its assistance would be limited to humanitarian needs instead, according to UPI’s report.

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The U.S. challenges Chinese efforts to restrict freedom of the seas

(Feb. 01, 2016) –  The U.S. Navy on Jan. 30 challenged China’s attempts to restrict international navigation in the South China Sea by sending the guided-missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur within 12 miles of Triton Island, which China claims, despite most interpretations of international law.


The guided missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur.(Photo: 1999 AFP photo)

In 2014 and 2015, a Boston Global Forum had two reports concerning the South China Sea:  “The Framework for Peace and Security in the Pacific’’   and “Chinese Disputes in the South China Sea: Risks and Solutions for the Asia-Pacific.’’ In these reports, the Boston Global Forum recommended the creation of a Pacific Security Alliance to include the United States, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam,  the Philippines and Australia.

The alliance would conduct joint patrols of the South China Sea to protect freedom of navigation in the  international waters of the  region’s very important trade routes.

The Boston Global Forum commends the United States for acting to uphold internationally recognized principles of freedom of the seas and hopes that what America is now doing unilaterally will be soon be done as part of an alliance of nations with vital interests in the Asia-Pacific region.

Chinese Military Revamps Cyber Warfare, Intelligence Forces

(Jan. 31, 2016) – Bill Gertz, a journalist and defense expert for the Washington Free Beacon, report this week on how China’s army is rapidly strengthening its cyber-warfare and intelligence operations to undermine potential foes, especially the United States. The U.S. is anxiously working on ways to counter the threat.


Photo credit: AP

A recent Chinese military reorganization is increasing the danger posed by People’s Liberation Army cyber warfare and intelligence units that recently were consolidated into a new Strategic Support Force.

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Young Leaders for Peace and Security

By Prof. Thomas E. Patterson | Feb. 01, 2016


The EU faces one of the toughest times of its history, and young people could have a pivotal role to play in improving the situation, writes Jasna Maric Krajacic in the Parliament Magazine.

The European Youth Event will take place this year at the European Parliament, in Strasbourg, France, on May 20-21.

The event comes at an urgent time, one in which the voices of young leaders can make a difference in international attitudes and policy. During the past few years, Europe has been rocked by one crisis after another—Greece’s debt crisis, Russia’s seizure of Crimea and its incursion into eastern Ukraine and the flood of refugees from the Mideast (particularly from Syria) and Africa. Meanwhile, right-wing populism threatens the principle of relatively open borders  that has been for years a widely accepted part of the European Union.

What must be avoided in turbulent times is to lose sight of what a unified Europe can achieve. Born out of the ashes of World War II, European unity has brought with it unprecedented peace and prosperity. But European unity must  be extended beyond those great achievements. Europe should strive to be a model of generosity and inclusiveness — an example for other regions.

Europe’s young leaders need to champion that cause. Peace, security and democracy are under threat in many parts of the globe, and Europe’s young leaders need to raise their voices in support of those ideals, not just on their continent but elsewhere.

We’re making every effort at the Boston Global Forum to do our part. This year, with the help of our Young Leaders Network for Peace and Security program, we are promoting global cybersecurity. Last year, we focused on peace and security in the Pacific, seeking to promote a just and peaceful solution to disputes arising from China’s aggressive actions in the region. The year before, we highlighted the horrific labor conditions facing garment workers in Third World countries.

Young leaders are progressive and forward-looking. The world needs their voices, and we should widen the forums available to them. The Boston Global Forum commends the organizers of the European Youth Event for providing young leaders with such a prominent  venue for addressing crucial global problems and developing solutions to them.


Thomas E. Patterson is a co-founder and a member of the board of directors of The Boston Global Forum. He is the Bradlee Professor of Government and the Press at Harvard’s Kennedy School and has served as the Acting Director of  the Kennedy’s School’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy since July 1, 2015.

A welcome message from Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe about G7 Ise-Shima Summit

(Jan. 30, 2016) – Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sent his welcome message in the opening of the G7 Ise-Shima Summit as Japan assumes the Presidency role. Various issues concerning global peace and prosperity will be discussed, including global economy slowdown, terrorism, refugee crisis, territorial disputes.

PM Abe also expressed his hope tot discuss the situation in the Asia-Pacific region with G7 leaders.

Watch his full speech here:

Below is the full translation script of PM Abe:

A warm hello to all.  I am Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan. 
Japan assumed the Presidency of the G7 summit this year.  On May 26 and 27, Japan will convene the G7 Ise-Shima Summit in Mie Prefecture. In Ise-Shima, the stage for the G7 Summit, you can find not only Ise Jingu Shrine with a history dating back to time immemorial, but also marvelous natural beauty including the rich sea spreading out before your eyes, islands large and small, and countless inlets. It is a perfect example of our hearland – a palce dear to many, away from the bustling cities. 
In such an environment, I will make this year’s summit a fruitful one by having candid discussions with the other G7 leaders on various issues confronting the globe.
Today,the international community faces numerous challenges.  A slowdown in the growth of the global economy, terrorism threatening people’s lives, a surge of refugees, and unilateral changes to the status quo through the use of coercion are all among the challenges affecting the peace and prosperity we enjoy in our daily lives.
The G7 members, which share fundamental values such as freedom, democracy, the rule of law, and human rights, must take a global perspective to provide the most appropriate road map for solving these challenges with a clear vision.
The G7 Ise-Shima Summit is the first G7 summit to be convened in Asia since the summit in Toyako eight years ago.
I hope to discuss the situation in the Asia-Pacifid region with other G7 leaders.
In addition to the G7 Summit meeting to be held in Ise-Shima, we will hold the Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Hiroshima and the Finance Ministers’ meeting in Sendai, as well as the Agricultural Ministers’ meeting in Niigata, the ICT Ministers’ meeting in Takamatsu, the Energy Ministers’ meeting in Kitakyushu, the Education Ministers’ meeting in Kurashiki, the Science and Technology Ministers’ meeting in  Tsukuba, the Environment Ministers’ meeting in Toyama, the Health Ministers’ meeting in Kobe, and the Transport Ministers’ meeting in Karuizawa.
Scores of journalists from around the world will converge on Japan to cover the G7 Ise-Shima Summit and these ministerial meetings. All of which will be the focus of attention around the world. 
I hope to take this opportunity to send out to the world our message about Japan’s unique of appeal, including our culture and traditions, our spirit of hospitality, our world-class washoku cuisine, as well as advanced technologies and our innovation. 
With your cooperation and assistance, I will world to lead the G7 Ise-Shima Summit to success.