While in the U.S. to meet with President Trump, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe spoke about North Korea’s announcement that it has stopped its nuclear weapons tests, declaring the news to be “forward motion” but warning that this does not guarantee peace in the region. “But what’s important is that this leads to complete, verifiable denuclearisation. I want to emphasize this.”
A Chinese tech company, Huawei, is developing artificial intelligence that they believe could read human emotions. The AI would be used in smartphone virtual assistants (think SIRI) and would upgrade them to be more emotionally interactive. Currently such technology can perform a number of helpful tasks, such as giving directions, weather updates, and even telling jokes. Huawei believes that emotional intelligence software can build upon this and make virtual assistants more responsive.
While the technology is still in development and will be used in Huawei’s own virtual assistant, it’s quite possible that you’ll be able to have a different kind of conversation with SIRI or Cortana in the near future.
The Pentagon has been forming new partnerships in Silicon Valley, but not everyone is on board. After it was revealed that Google was assisting the U.S. Defense Department in creating AI software for drone target recognition, in what was dubbed Project Maven, Google employees are speaking out. Thousands of them, including top engineers, have written an open letter to Google CEO Sundar Pichai, decrying the development of AI weapons. While Google has stated that Project Maven only works on defensive systems, not offensive ones, the signatories said: “Google should not be in the business of war.
You can read the full letter here.
AIWS is against the development of AI weapons. The risks of misuse, hacking, or loss of control pose too great of a threat to society. As such, such weapons should be banned and their development prohibited. We are calling on world leaders to adopt an international treaty to ban producing or using AI weapons.
Another country has announced its ambitions for AI leadership: The United Kingdom. Earlier this week, the House of Lords are calling for British leadership in the ethics of artificial intelligence.
Their report, titled AI in the UK: Ready, willing, and able?, states that the UK is in a “strong position” to take global leadership on AI:
“By establishing these principles, the UK can lead by example in the international community. We recommend that the Government convene a global summit of governments, academia and industry to establish international norms for the design, development, regulation and deployment of artificial intelligence.”
AIWS is also working to develop standards and ethics for artificial intelligence, which are one layer of our AIWS 7-Layer Model to Build Next Generation Democracy.
This Wednesday, April 25th, Boston Global Forum will host its annual BGF-G7 Summit Conference. This year’s issue is artificial intelligence, which BGF has been working on through Artificial Intelligence World Society, a collaboration between BGF, MDI, Club de Madrid, and top AI thinkers. We will be announcing the AIWS 7-Layer Model to Build Next Generation Democracy, which we believe to be a road map to a better AI future.
At the 2018 BGF-G7 Summit Conference, scheduled Wednesday, April 25, we will be introducing our AIWS 7-Layer Model to Build Next Generation Democracy. The model is a result of collaboration between our Artificial Intelligence World Society initiative and the Club de Madrid. We are working closely with a number of leaders and AI researchers to expand this model and its applications, whether it be through a formal treaty to ban AI weapons or ethical standards for AI development. We believe that AI can help leaders make better decisions and help protect democracies from threats like authoritarianism and fake news.
See the breakdown of the model:
Artificial Intelligence World Society (AIWS) Model
Layer 7 (Application Layer) Application and Services
Layer 6 (Public Service Layer) Public Services: Transportation, Healthcare, Education, Justice System
Layer 5 (Policy Layer) Policy, Regulation, Convention, Norms
Layer 4 (Legislation Layer) Law and Legislation
Layer 3 (Tech Layer) Technical Management, Data Governance, Algorithm accountabilty, Standards, IT Experts Management.
Layer 2 (Ethics Layer) Ethical Frameworks, Criteria, Principles
Layer 1 (Charter Layer) Charter, Concepts
Boston Global Forum and the Michael Dukakis Institute have been working closely with the World Leadership Alliance – Club de Madrid (WLA-CdM), a group comprised of over 100 former heads of state. WLA-CdM has been a valuable partner in creating and building Artificial Intelligence World Society. In turn, we have partnered with them on Next Generation Democracy, their initiative to collaborate and discuss emerging threats to democracy and how we can protect it.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria travelled to Tokyo to meet with Japanese PM Shinzo Abe this week to discuss Japan’s economy. The OECD Economic Survey of Japan shows an improving economy and increased job growth. The Secretary-General said that “Abenomics [the popular nickname for Abe’s economic reforms] has delivered faster economic growth and job creation,” but that continued reform and growth are needed to counter Japan’s demographic and debt issues. At the same meeting, both leaders warned against protectionism and trade wars, instead stating the need for multilateral trade solutions. “Amid the spread of protectionism in the world, Japan shares with the OECD an understanding of the significance of the WTO, and we hope to reinforce the multilateral trade system,” said Abe.
At an AIWS Round Table in Japan earlier this month, top Hitachi engineer Dr. Kazuo Yano gave the keynote speech and called for a switch from standardization to experimentation. Dr. Yano is Chief of Hitachi’s R&D Group and has worked with AI systems for nearly 15 years.
As part of his speech, he showed an AI system learning to swing, much as a human would on a swing-set. While it starts off with haphazard motions, it quickly learns to swing faster and higher faster than a human could. AI “keep experimenting,” said Dr. Yano, while humans stop after a certain point. “That’s our problem,” he said, “we must endlessly experiment and learn.” Whereas many models currently favor standardization and rigid rules, he believes that what’s needed now is diversity and testing.
Instead of replacing labor, AI really threatens to replace rules, believes Dr. Yano. The key to successful AI policy and paradigms is an “outcome-oriented” approach instead of a “rule-driven” one.
Watch Dr. Yano’s keynote speech below:
Secretary-General Gurría was appointed head of the OECD in 2006 and, during his tenure, the organization has given much thought to the future of AI. In 2017, he declared the OECD’s intention to work with Germany and other G20 leaders on policies for “Industry 4.0” – the digitization occurring now across a wide array of economic sectors. Last October, the OECD hosted the AI: Intelligence Machines, Smart Policies conference that invited experts from around the world to discuss the ethics, economics, and policy of AI. For these and many more initiatives, and for his proven dedication to creating the best possible future, we are honored to present Secretary-General Angel Gurria with this award.
Have you ever stopped to think about how smart your dog really is? AI researchers certainly have. Scientists at the University of Washington have been training AI neural networks to analyze and even predict canine behavior. By using a GoPro and Microphone, the researchers were able to collect data and teach AI how to identify ‘walkable surfaces,’ analyze dogs’ movements, and even predict their next moves.
The biggest tech news this week was Mark Zuckerberg’s testimony before the U.S. Congress. Zuckerberg was called in front of both the Senate Judiciary Committee and the House Energy and Commerce Committee, in response to the news that Cambridge Analytica had stolen data from about 87 million Facebook users. The New York Times clocked the meetings in at a total of ten hours.
On April 2, AIWS hosted a Roundtable in Tokyo, Japan with top AI researchers and thinkers. Among the many topics covered were AIWS’s 7-layer model for AI, cyber security, the proliferation of fake news, and increased technological competition with China. Nobue Mita, founding representative of BGF Japan, coordinated and organized this meeting.
Involved in the discussion were:
- Tuan Nguyen, CEO of Boston Global Forum and co-founder of AIWS
- Nobue Mita, BGF Japan Founding Representative
- Dr. Kazuo Yano, Chief Engineer of R&D Group, Hitachi Ltd.
- Ambassador Shunji Yanai, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Former Japanese Ambassador the the U.S.
- Professor Koichi Hamada, Yale University and Special Advisor to PM Shinzo Abe
- Tsuneo Watanabe, Senior Fellow of the Sasagawa Peace Foundation
- Waichi Sekiguchi, Nikkei Shimbun journalist
- Shunsuki Aoki, CEO of Yukai Engineering
- Satoshi Amagai, CEO of Mofiria Corportation
- Kei Yamamoto, CEO of D-Ocean, Inc.
- Masahiro Fukuhara, CEO and founder of the Institution for a Global Society
- Miyuki Inoue, Asahi Shinbun journalist
See the meeting’s agenda and watch the entire round table discussion below: