The official design of Homepage of

Introducing the Goddess of AIWS Innovation: in the style of Athena, an Eagle brings olive as Innovation Goddess of AIWS City.

AIWS Innovation Goddess is one of wisdom, intellectual, visionary, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, victory, mathematics, artificial intelligence, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, peace, security, and prosperity.

President von der Leyen: “I am ready to present to President Joe Biden our proposal for a new transatlantic agenda”

President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, recipient of the World Leader for Peace and Security Award 2020, gave a speech at the European Parliament Plenary on the inauguration of the new US President Joe Biden January 20, 2021. She said:

“In all beginning there dwells a magic force. Jedem Anfang wohnt ein Zauber inne. I cannot help but think of this famous line of the poet Hermann Hesse when looking forward to the inauguration of Joe Biden in a few hours from now. Joe Biden’s oath will be a message of healing for a deeply divided nation. And it will be a message of hope for a world that is waiting for the U.S. to be back in the circle of like-minded states. This time-honoured ceremony on the steps of the U.S. Capitol will be a demonstration of the resilience of American democracy. And a resounding proof that, once again, after four long years, Europe has a friend in the White House. And he will be standing next to Kamala Harris, the first woman to be Vice-President of the United States.

This is a historic achievement and this also makes this day very special. This new dawn in America is the moment we have been waiting for, so long. Europe is ready for a new start with our oldest and most trusted partner. And this is why the Commission recently has adopted a new, forward looking transatlantic agenda. And it focuses on where we can together join forces to push for global change – based on our common values, interests and global influence.

From climate change to health, from digitalisation to democracy – these are global challenges that need renewed and improved global cooperation. And the European Union and the United States must lead from the front and bring an alliance of like-minded partners with us. There is of course no greater need for global cooperation in the short term than in tackling the pandemic, which has been so devastating on both sides of the Atlantic. As you know, the European Union has been leading the global response since day one.


It is in this digital field that Europe has so much to offer the new government in Washington. The path we have taken in Europe can be an example for approaches at international level. As has long been the case with the General Data Protection Regulation. I can imagine, for example, a joint Trade and Technology Council, as a first step. Together we could create a digital economy rulebook that is valid worldwide: From data protection and privacy to the security of critical infrastructure. A body of rules based on our values: human rights and pluralism, inclusion and protection of privacy.

This day brings good news: The United States are back. And Europe stands ready. To reconnect with an old and trusted partner, to breathe new life in our cherished alliance.”

Annoucement of the Artificial Intelligence International Accord Initiative

BOSTON, January 25, 2021: The Boston Global Forum (BGF) and the Michael Dukakis Institute today announced an initiative to establish a worldwide agreement to promote the transformative benefits of artificial intelligence and safeguard against potential abuses. The inclusive global conversation is designed to ensure the responsible use of AI technologies by governments and business while protecting democratic values.

“Artificial intelligence is transforming every aspect of our lives,” said Governor Michael Dukakis in announcing the initiative. “Our goal is to stimulate a global conversation that will make sure AI is used responsibly by governments and the private sector around the world.”

Determining how to govern AI has attracted thoughtful proposals and standards from a wide range of organizations, from the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to the European Union and the African Union. The new initiative plans to build on the earlier work and expand collaboration on an international scale.

The Artificial Intelligence International Accord Initiative begins with three primary goals:

  • Build a consensus around the framework for an international accord on AI standards.
  • Establish a Democratic Alliance on Digital Governance to support the accord and its companion document, the Social Contract for the AI Age.
  • Create a monitoring system to observe the uses and abuses of AI by governments and businesses and record violations of the accord and the Social Contract.

AIWS supports Deep Understanding and Data Interpretation of Professor Judea Pearl

Professor Judea Pearl, World Leader in AI World Society (AIWS) Award 2020, Board Member of the History of AI, conceived Deep Understanding and Data Interpretation. Michael Dukakis Institute supports this concept and model, as it will create more transparency, smarter, and easier to monitor in AI. It also will help reduce data and resources, thus saving energy and environment. Governments and business should invest more for education, research, and development of the Judea Pearl model and to create decision-making systems for governments and society.

Professor Judea Pearl wrote:

“The bulk of machine learning in AI (as well as DATA Science in general) is operating in ‘data fitting’ mode, as opposed to ‘data interpretation’ mode, which characterizes scientific thinking. ‘The data-fitting school is driven by the faith that the secret to rational decisions lies in the data themselves, if only we are sufficiently clever at data mining. In contrast, the data-interpreting school views data, not as a sole object of inquiry but as an auxiliary means for interpreting reality, and ‘reality’ stands for the processes that generate the data.’

Mathematical analysis reveals inherent limitations of the data-centric paradigm, and its inability to read Deep Understanding of the domain of discourse. This limitation entails inherent limitation in achieving human level intelligence, specifically in meeting requirements of adaptation, explainability, robustness, and ethics.”

The History of AI House is preparing for the physical HAI House at NovaWorld Phan Thiet

In collaboration with Novaland to build the History of AI House at NovaWorld Phan Thiet, in late January 2021, Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, Director of Michael Dukakis Institute, will visit NovaWorld Phan Thiet and meet with leaders of Novaland to start to build the History of AI House. The History of AI House at NovaWorld Phan Thiet will present historical achievements, events, figures in AI, and a locale to announce the History of AI on December 31 annually.

The History of AI House at AIWS City, a virtual smart city, will connect and along with History of AI House in NovaWorld Phan Thiet, and support each other.

The first figures and achievements will be presented at the History of AI House are professor Judea Pearl, World Leader in AI World Society Award 2020, a mentor of, and professor Mavin Minsky, MIT.

Senior CSAIL Professor joins the History of AI Board

Professor Randall Davis has served as Associate Director of MIT’s Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (1993-1998), as a Research Director of CSAIL from 2003-2007, and as Associate Director of CSAIL from 2012-2014.

Dr. Davis has been a seminal contributor to the fields of knowledge-based systems and human-computer interaction, publishing some more than 100 articles and playing a central role in the development of several systems. He and his research group are developing advanced tools that permit natural multi-modal interaction with computers by creating software that understands users as they sketch, gesture, and talk.

He is the co-author of Knowledge-Based Systems in AI. In 1990 he was named a Founding Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of AI and in 1995 was elected to a two-year term as its President. From 1995-1998 he served on the Scientific Advisory Board of the U. S. Air Force, earning the USAF Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service.

Dr. Davis has also been active in the area of intellectual property and software. In 1990 he served as expert to the Court in Computer Associates v. Altai, a case that produced the abstraction, filtration, comparison test now widely used in software copyright cases.

From 1998 to 2000 he served as the chairman of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences study on intellectual property rights and the information infrastructure entitled The Digital Dilemma: Intellectual Property in the Information Age, published by the National Academy Press in February, 2000.

We warmly welcome Professor Randall Davis to the History of AI Board.

Monitoring Big Tech on the Standards of Social Contract for the AI Age

Big companies, especially tech companies, have very powerful and profound political influence in the world today. The Social Contract for the AI Age demonstrated the need to balance powers of companies.

To practice and apply the Social Contract for the AI Age, Michael Dukakis Institute and Boston Global Forum founded the Monitoring Big Tech Companies Initiative. Professor Nazli Choucri, MIT Professor in cyber politics and Board Member of Michael Dukakis Institute, is one of the leaders of this initiative.

This initiative connects and collaborates with organizations, governments, and companies to collect data on how big tech companies meet the standards of the Social Contract for the AI Age — how they abuse their power to violate democratic values, and how they compromise with governments to undermine democratic values and standards of Social Contract for the AI Age. Merve Hickok, Founder of AI Ethicist, is one of the contributors of this project.

The project will start collecting data and information from February 1, 2021.

The Michael Dukakis Institute and Boston Global Forum call on individual and organizations to contribute and collaborate in this initiative to maintain and enhance democratic values.

Professor Nazli Choucri presented first concepts of AI International Accord at Boston Global Forum Conference December 12, 2020.

Merve Hickok spoke at Boston Global Forum Conference December 12, 2020.

Founding AIWS University at

On January 9, 2021, Professor Thomas Patterson, Harvard Kennedy School, Board Member of Michael Dukakis Institute, President of AIWS University, wrote the letter for founding AIWS University:

I write to announce the founding of AIWS University at AIWS City. Its mission is to foster a better world by preparing leaders and innovators for the challenges, opportunities, and responsibilities of the Age of Artificial Intelligence (AI).

AIWS University is not a traditional university but instead one devoted to lifelong learning through the application of new technology and concepts. It will provide individuals with the skills, knowledge, and worldview that will enable them to become better leaders and more innovative practitioners.

AIWS University’s courses will be taught by instructors from the world’s great universities, including my home university, Harvard University.

Based at the Michael Dukakis Institute, and Vietnam’s NovaWorld Phan Thiet, AIWS University will offer online courses to individuals throughout Vietnam and other countries of the region. AIWS University also has a collaborative AIWS Leadership Master’s program with Russia’s Saint-Petersburg Electrotechnical University (ETU ”LETI”).

AIWS will enroll students beginning on September 1, 2021 with course offerings in Leadership, AI and Machine Learning, Cybersecurity, Management, and other subjects.


Thomas E. Patterson

President, AIWS University

Bradlee Professor, Harvard University

The Year Ahead: 3 Predictions From the ‘Father of the Internet’ Vint Cerf

World Leader in AI World Society Award recipient Vint Cerf, Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google, Member of Board of Leaders of AIWS City, wrote:

My Prediction: In the intervening period, progress has been made and it seems likely that by 2021, we will see some serious application of quantum computing to solve one or more optimization problems in mechanical design, logistics scheduling or resource allocation that would be impractical with conventional supercomputing.

Despite the challenges 2020 presented, it also unlocked some opportunities like leapfrogging with tech adoption. My hope is that the public sector sustains the speed for innovation and development to unlock even greater advancements in the year ahead.

Now, as we enter 2021, and with the first doses of a COVID-19 vaccine being administered, a return to normal feels within reach. But what will our return to “normal” look like really? Here are three predictions for 2021.

  1. Continuous and episodic Internet of Medical Things monitoring devices will prove popular for remote medical diagnosis. 
  2. Cities will (finally) adopt self-driving cars
  3. A practical quantum computation will be demonstrated.

AIWS Leadership Master Degree Program: Lecture of Professor Thomas Patterson

On January 9, 2021, Professor Thomas Patterson, Harvard Kennedy School, President of AIWS University, taught the first lecture at AIWS Leadership Master Degree Program. This Master Degree Program is cooperation between Michael Dukakis Institute and Saint Petersburg Electrotechnology University ETU “LETI”. This lecture also is the opening of AIWS University.

He presented on American politics, talked about recent American political events, including the incident on Capitol Hill on January 6, and discussed about President Donald Trump and President-elect Joe Biden.

Professor Thomas Patterson’s lecture combines concepts and principles, and as well as analyzes recent events. The concepts of lectures of AIWS University: to contribute content that students could not find in textbooks.

The lecture of Professor Thomas Patterson is available to watch at

Major Countries Propose Priorities for Biden Administration, World Leaders: Leaders of Australia, India, Japan, and the United States Shape a New Era of Cooperation

A PDF of the Report can be found here.

BOSTON, January 7, 2021: Leaders from Australia, India, Japan, and the United States have proposed a blueprint for tackling the major challenges confronting the incoming Biden administration and other world leaders in a post-Trump era. The proposals were developed by the Quadrilateral Initiative, which was started by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to review and address global issue.

The four countries, known informally as the Quad, address shared goals within a framework of cooperation, diplomacy, and democratic values. Senior officials from the countries met in mid-November on the sidelines of the Riga Conference 2020, which drew the president and vice president of the European Commission, the secretary general of NATO, the presidents of the Baltic countries and defense ministers from the Canada, France, Japan and the United Kingdom as well as the Baltic nations.

The Quad session was organized by the Latvian Transatlantic Organization and the Boston Global Forum. Speakers included former Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis, chairman of the Boston Global Forum; Defense State Minister Yasuhide Nakayama of Japan; Senator Kimberly Kitching, chair of the Australian Senate Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade References Committee; and Ambassador P.S. Raghavan, chairman of India’s National Security Advisory Board.

The special report prepared by the Quad identified five challenges confronting the global community as a new administration takes over in Washington and global leaders work to mend differences among Western allies and shape the new arena for competition and cooperation in fields like artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. The main challenges in the report are:

  1. The interests of the United States should be realigned with its Western allies to open the door for peace, stability, and long-term prosperity. Cooperation should be renewed on global issues like climate change and humanitarian assistance.
  2. The objective of the Quad is to promote openness, transparency, and inclusion across the Indo-Pacific region. The foundation for this objective rests on broadening cooperation and improving adherence to the rule of law among the many nations of the region.
  3. The enormous potential of artificial intelligence should be harnessed for the benefit of every nation and every person, rather than restricted to a handful of countries and tech titans. The promotion of inclusion and democracy through AI should be encouraged and attempts to use AI to support authoritarian regimes should be blocked. The Quad concluded that supporting standards and democratic values reflected in the Social Contract for the AI Age is essential to countering threats from AI and enhancing its common good.
  4. The Quad and its allies should enable China to recognize the global responsibilities that accompany its position as an AI and economic powerhouse. Rather than confronting China, the Western alliance should exercise its responsibility to ensure that China respects its neighbors and the democratic imperative for Hong Kong.
  5. The surge of 5G technologies will expand the impact of artificial intelligence in ways that could either improve global cooperation or devolve into unhealthy competition. Democratic values should guide the use of AI and big data for the common good rather than the good of the few.

Along with its work in the Indo-Pacific region, the Quad proposes creating an agreement like the Helsinki Accord to meet the challenges and capture the full benefits of artificial intelligence. The new accord could be drafted in Riga and take advantage of cyber and communications expertise of the Baltic countries.

On January 9, 2021, the front page of AIWS City is officially launched at

On December 31, 2020, the AI World Society announced the History of AI 2020 Awards. The HAI Awards recognize people and achievements in the AI world that are pioneering, meaningful, and influential.

The History of AI 2020 Awards will be featured at the AI World Society City. The AI World Society (AIWS) Cityestablished in collaboration with the World Leadership Alliance – Club de Madrid, and the United Nations Academic Impact, is a virtual digital city dedicated to the principle of the Social Contract for the AI Age.

On January 9, 2021, AI World Society will officially launch the frontpage of AIWS City at

AI World Society Announces History of AI 2020 Awards

RELEASE: December 31, 2020

1200 EST / 1800 CET


AI World Society Announces

History of AI 2020 Awards


BOSTON – The AI World Society today announced the History of AI 2020 Awards. The HAI Awards recognize people and achievements in the AI world that are pioneering, meaningful, and influential.


The History of AI 2020 Awards for Achievement go to:

AlphaFold – the solution to a 50-year-old grand challenge in biology, developed by DeepMind. “This breakthrough demonstrates the impact AI can have on scientific discovery and its potential to dramatically accelerate progress in some of the most fundamental fields that explain and shape our world.”

“Artificial Intelligence and Democratic Values” – the first comparative study of AI policies and practices sets out a methodology to promote AI that is trustworthy and human-centric. Professor Mireille Hildebrandt called the report “a trove of materials to enable mutual learning strategies.” Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna said the report is a “vital resource for global policymakers . . . comprehensive and incredibly valuable.”

Deep Understanding – a concept pioneered by Professor Judea Pearl for the development of AI systems that could minimize the creation of large data sets. Deep understanding challenges the common view that meaningful AI requires intensive data collection.

GPT-3 – a natural language program that produces news articles and technical manuals, creative essays, and computer code often difficult to distinguish from human output. GPT-3 also raises challenging ethical questions about machine-generated text.

Social Contract for the AI Age – a framework for a new social contract to ensure peace, security, and democracy in the modern era. The World Leadership Alliance-Club de Madrid, the largest association of former Presidents and Prime Ministers of democratic governments, have endorsed the Social Contract.


The History of AI 2020 Awards to Individuals go to:

President Ursula von der Leyen – The incoming President of the European Commission, von der Leyen has led efforts to establish a regulatory framework for AI, opposed black box algorithms, and called for a Transatlantic Agreement on Artificial Intelligence, based on democratic values, including “human rights, pluralism, inclusion, and the protection of privacy.”

Joy Boulawamini – a Ghanaian-American computer scientist and digital activist based at the MIT Media Lab, Buolawamini founded the Algorithmic Justice League to challenge bias in AI systems. In 2020, her research helped persuade Amazon, IBM, and Microsoft to suspend facial recognition technology, one the most controversial applications of AI.

The History of AI 2020 Awards will be featured at the AI World Society City. The AI World Society (AIWS) City, established in collaboration with the World Leadership Alliance – Club de Madrid, and the United Nations Academic Impact, is a virtual digital city dedicated to the principle of the Social Contract for the AI Age.



Nguyen Anh Tuan, Co-Founder, AI World Society: [email protected]

Press Secretary Dick Pirozzolo: [email protected] / +1 617 959 4613

HAI 2020 Nomination – Joy Buolamwini


History of AI 2020

Joy Buolamwini

Joy Adowaa Buolamwini is a Ghanaian-American computer scientist and digital activist based at the MIT Media Lab. She founded the Algorithmic Justice League, an organisation that looks to challenge bias in decision making software.

In 2020, Buolamwini was on the front lines of campaigns in the United States and around the world to stop bias in AI systems. Her research helped persuade Amazon, IBM, and Microsoft to put a hold on facial recognition technology. Her 2020 TED Talk on algorithmic bias has over 1 million views. She was featured in the documentary film Coded Bias that premiered at

the 2020 Sundance Film Festival, that explores how algorithms encode and propagate bias.

Joy Buolamwini has testified before Congress about the dangers of facial recognition and she has called for a complete ban of police use of face surveillance. Her MIT thesis uncovered large racial and gender bias in AI services. Her research has been covered in over 40 countries, and as a renowned international speaker she has championed the need for algorithmic justice at the World Economic Forum and the United Nations. She serves on the Global Tech Panel convened by the vice president of European Commission to advise world leaders and technology executives on ways to reduce the harms of A.I.

As a creative science communicator, she has written op-eds on the impact of artificial intelligence for publications such as TIME Magazine and New York Times. Her spoken word visual audit “AI, Ain’t I A Woman?” shows AI failures on the faces of iconic women like Oprah Winfrey, Michelle Obama, and Serena Williams as well as the Coded Gaze short have been part of exhibitions ranging from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston to the Barbican Centre, UK.

A Rhodes Scholar and Fulbright Fellow, she holds two masters degrees from Oxford University and MIT; and a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Fortune Magazine named her to their 2019 list of world’s greatest leaders describing her as “the conscience of the A.I. Revolution.”

A brilliant researcher, a highly effective advocate, a creative communicator, Joy Boulamwini should be recognized for HAI 2020.


Marc Rotenberg

HAI 2020 Nomination – Ursula von der Leyen



History of AI 2020

President Ursula von der Leyen


Trained as a physician, Ursula von der Leyen entered politics as a cabinet minister in the German state of Lower Saxony. When Angela Merkel became German chancellor in 2005, she appointed Dr. von der Leyen as Minister of Family Affairs and Youth, a portfolio that aligned with her work on women’s health.

After four years in that position, she was appointed Minister of Labor and Social Affairs. She was then appointed Minister of Defense, the first woman to hold that top post. Von der Leyen also had the distinction of being the longest serving minister of the Merkel government.

As incoming President of the European Commission, in December 2019 von der Leyen called for new rules for AI that respect human rights and public safety. At the 2019 G-20 Summit in Japan, Chancellor Angela Merkel earlier proposed “It will be the job of the next Commission to deliver something so that we have regulation similar to the General Data Protection Regulation that makes it clear that artificial intelligence serves humanity.”

In February 2020, President von der Leyen set out a White Paper on AI for public consultation. In the September 2020 State of the Union Address, she prioritized AI policy for the European Union. She said, “Whether it’s precision farming in agriculture, more accurate medical diagnosis or safe autonomous driving – artificial intelligence will open up new worlds for us.” Von der Leyen continued, “But this world also needs rules. We want a set of rules that puts people at the centre.  Algorithms must not be a black box and there must be clear rules if something goes wrong. The Commission will propose a law to this effect next year. This includes control over our personal data which still have far too rarely today.”

And speaking to the Boston Global Forum on December 12, 2020, President von der Leyen called for a Transatlantic Agreement on AI, based on democratic values, including “human rights, pluralism, inclusion, and the protection of privacy.” For her pioneering leadership, she received the 2020 World Leader for Peace and Security Award.

President von der Leyen is also a tireless advocate for a more united Europe, a Europe that would assume a larger role in international diplomacy and security. A champion of democratic rights and institutions, she has contested the emergence of right-wing nationalism and state authoritarianism. She has pressed European countries to act collectively against COVID-19. She is committed to the Transatlantic Alliance, recognizing the collective responsibility of the EU and the US to advance global peace, security, and development.

A champion of democratic values, a trained scientist who places humanity at the center of AI innovation, President von der Leyen should be recognized for HAI 2020


Marc Rotenberg

HAI 2020 Nomination – DeepMind/AlphaFold

Towards the end of 2020, Google DeepMind announced that they developed an AI network (AlphaFold) that determines a protein’s 3D shape from its amino-acid sequence.

The ability to accurately predict protein structures from their amino-acid sequence would vastly accelerate efforts to understand the building blocks of cells and enable quicker and more advanced drug discovery. AlphaFold has been recognised as a solution to this grand challenge by the organisers of the biennial Critical Assessment of protein Structure Prediction (CASP).

CASP was founded in 1994 by Professor John Moult and Professor Krzysztof Fidelis as a biennial blind assessment to catalyse research, monitor progress, and establish the state of the art in protein structure prediction. It is considered the gold standard for assessing predictive techniques. After DeepMind’s revelation of its model and accuracy rate this year, Moult stated “In some sense the problem is solved.”

Professor Venki Ramakrishnan, the winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize for Chemistry said “this computational work represents a stunning advance on the protein-folding problem, a 50-year-old grand challenge in biology. It has occurred decades before many people in the field would have predicted.”


Merve Hickok