In general, AI advances are good for our society. In particular cases, they can be bad. Take Amazon’s Rekognition AI service. There are evidences that the service exhibited much higher error rates on images of darker-skinned women versus lighter-skinned men. Bloomberg reported that the dispute over Amazon’s software has been raging for almost a year. The American Civil Liberties Union said a test it ran of Rekognition AI falsely matched 28 members of Congress with mugshots and that those flagged were disproportionately people of color.
This gender and racial bias led to the call last Wednesday by 26 researchers, including Dr. Yoshua Bengio, this year’s winner of the Turing Award (the Nobel Prize equivalence in the field of Computing), for the company to stop selling Rekognition AI to police departments.
Although earlier, two Amazon officials, Matthew Wood and Michael Punke, responded to defend the fairness and correctness of the underlying algorithm, the concerned researchers argued that Amazon misrepresented the technical details for the work and the state-of-the-art in facial analysis and face recognition.
Amazon response is on the basis that the original study used to point out the bias of its AI software is not “reproducible”, questioning the correctness and generalizability of this study. In contrast, the researchers noted that IBM and Microsoft were able to reproduce the results and use them to improve their facial-recognition systems. We are still waiting to hear Amazon’s comments on this rebuttal.
This example of an AI service with potential bias highlights the importance of an ethical framework in the development and use of AI. This is exactly the topic of a roundtable hosted by the Artificial Intelligence World Society (AIWS) in Tokyo last month. We believe that regulation from the government level is needed to avoid any broad release of AI software that may have bias against any population.
The council lasted barely more than a week, after thousands of Google employees signed a petition calling for the removal of one member.
The Advanced Technology External Advisory Council was set up to “guide responsible development of AI” projects within Google. It had eight members, including technologists, philosophers, and economists, and was meant to hold four meetings a year, starting this month.
Concerns centered on the inclusion of Heritage Foundation president Kay Coles James on the panel. Her think tank is skeptical about climate change, and she has personally argued against the protection of LGBTQ rights. Another panel member, drone company CEO Dyan Gibbens, was also controversial given her company provides technology to the military— a sensitive subject within Google. So, Google is ending the council and going back to the drawing board.
The 2nd Layer of AI World Society (AIWS) is Ethics, and AIWS is building the AIWS Ethics Index. It will be announced late June 2019 at the AI Government Conference in Washington DC, and there will be an AIWS Distinguished Lecture on the Charter Day of United Nations at its headquarters in New York.
When Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems start getting creative, they can create great things – and scary ones. Take, for instance, an AI program that let web users compose music along with a virtual Johann Sebastian Bach by entering notes into a program that generates Bach-like harmonies to match them.
Google’s program analyzed the notes in 306 of Bach’s musical works, finding relationships between the melody and the notes that provided the harmony. Because Bach followed strict rules of composition, the program was effectively learning those rules, so it could apply them when users provided their own notes.
Now, though, AI technologies are getting advanced enough to be able to approximate individuals’ writing or speaking style, and even facial expressions. This isn’t always bad: A fairly simple AI gave Stephen Hawking the ability to communicate more efficiently with others by predicting the words he would use the most.
Giving researchers and companies freedom to explore, in order to seek these positive achievements from AI systems, means opening up the risk of developing more advanced ways to create deception and other social problems. It is an ultimate vision and goal of AI World Society (AIWS) to promote ethical norms and practices in the development and use of AI for transparency and fairness by avoiding human bias and deceived information.
As a “record-breaking” Hannover Messe draws to a close in Germany, organizers have reflected on a successful five-day event, which saw more than 215,000 visitors attend.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) in industry and robotics, the potential of the new 5G mobile communications standard for industrial applications, lightweight design, and the future of work in a time of increasing digitization, were this year’s most important topics at the world’s leading tradeshow for industrial technology.
Roughly 6,500 exhibitors from around the world presented solutions for the future of manufacturing and energy supply, including more than 500 examples of the deployment of artificial intelligence in industrial manufacturing, 5G applications, and solutions for the energy and mobility transitions.
In a rich array of Hannover Messe forums and conferences, experts from industry, government and the R&D community stimulated fruitful dialogue on topics such as Industry 4.0, AI and the future of work.
Especially, Boston Global Forum (BGF) and Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI) will also organize AI World Society – G7 Summit Initiative at Harvard University on April 25, 2019. This summit will focus on the AI-Government Model for democracy in the age of Artificial Intelligence. This is a new and evolutionary political development.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the next major breakthrough for our world. Businesses are including AI in their strategy to amplify results.
To apply AI to business and create positive outcomes, there are 5 most effective ways of turning your company into an AI-advocate including:
- Use AI for Customer Service such as AI bots for social channel;
- Automate the Boring Stuff with using narrow AI;
- Improve Management with AI evidence-based and data-generated insights;
- Next-Level Marketing and Advertising with AI to write and rewrite content, as well as automate time-consuming tasks;
- Better Personalization using Machine Learning to contextualize potential customers.
As you’re probably noticing already, the AI industry is constantly changing and shaping its angles. It’s moving forward, and our business environment and the world itself is rapidly adapting to every new perk that technology brings. AI is the next major breakthrough—just like the Internet or TV. AI will change the world, which has been initiated and forecasted by AI World Society (AIWS) and Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI). AI can be an important tool to serve and strengthen businesses, services, and customer experiences for a better social life.