Amazon Schooled on AI Facial Technology By Turing Award Winner

In general, AI advances are good for our society. In particular cases, they can be bad. Take Amazon’s Rekognition AI service. There are evidences that the service exhibited much higher error rates on images of darker-skinned women versus lighter-skinned men. Bloomberg reported that the dispute over Amazon’s software has been raging for almost a year. The American Civil Liberties Union said a test it ran of Rekognition AI falsely matched 28 members of Congress with mugshots and that those flagged were disproportionately people of color.

This gender and racial bias led to the call last Wednesday by 26 researchers, including Dr. Yoshua Bengio, this year’s winner of the Turing Award (the Nobel Prize equivalence in the field of Computing), for the company to stop selling Rekognition AI to police departments.

Although earlier, two Amazon officials, Matthew Wood and Michael Punke, responded to defend the fairness and correctness of the underlying algorithm, the concerned researchers argued that Amazon misrepresented the technical details for the work and the state-of-the-art in facial analysis and face recognition.

Amazon response is on the basis that the original study used to point out the bias of its AI software is not “reproducible”, questioning the correctness and generalizability of this study. In contrast, the researchers noted that IBM and Microsoft were able to reproduce the results and use them to improve their facial-recognition systems.  We are still waiting to hear Amazon’s comments on this rebuttal.

This example of an AI service with potential bias highlights the importance of an ethical framework in the development and use of AI. This is exactly the topic of a roundtable hosted by the Artificial Intelligence World Society (AIWS) in Tokyo last month.  We believe that regulation from the government level is needed to avoid any broad release of AI software that may have bias against any population.

Google has now cancelled its AI ethics board after a backlash from staff

The council lasted barely more than a week, after thousands of Google employees signed a petition calling for the removal of one member.

The Advanced Technology External Advisory Council was set up to “guide responsible development of AI” projects within Google. It had eight members, including technologists, philosophers, and economists, and was meant to hold four meetings a year, starting this month.

Concerns centered on the inclusion of Heritage Foundation president Kay Coles James on the panel. Her think tank is skeptical about climate change, and she has personally argued against the protection of LGBTQ rights. Another panel member, drone company CEO Dyan Gibbens, was also controversial given her company provides technology to the military— a sensitive subject within Google. So, Google is ending the council and going back to the drawing board.

The 2nd Layer of AI World Society (AIWS) is Ethics, and AIWS is building the AIWS Ethics Index. It will be announced late June 2019 at the AI Government Conference in Washington DC, and there will be an AIWS Distinguished Lecture on the Charter Day of United Nations at its headquarters in New York.

Artificial intelligence can now emulate human behaviors – soon it will be dangerously good

When Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems start getting creative, they can create great things – and scary ones. Take, for instance, an AI program that let web users compose music along with a virtual Johann Sebastian Bach by entering notes into a program that generates Bach-like harmonies to match them.

Google’s program analyzed the notes in 306 of Bach’s musical works, finding relationships between the melody and the notes that provided the harmony. Because Bach followed strict rules of composition, the program was effectively learning those rules, so it could apply them when users provided their own notes.

Now, though, AI technologies are getting advanced enough to be able to approximate individuals’ writing or speaking style, and even facial expressions. This isn’t always bad: A fairly simple AI gave Stephen Hawking the ability to communicate more efficiently with others by predicting the words he would use the most.

Giving researchers and companies freedom to explore, in order to seek these positive achievements from AI systems, means opening up the risk of developing more advanced ways to create deception and other social problems. It is an ultimate vision and goal of AI World Society (AIWS) to promote ethical norms and practices in the development and use of AI for transparency and fairness by avoiding human bias and deceived information.

Hannover Messe a “driver of industrial transformation”

As a “record-breaking” Hannover Messe draws to a close in Germany, organizers have reflected on a successful five-day event, which saw more than 215,000 visitors attend.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in industry and robotics, the potential of the new 5G mobile communications standard for industrial applications, lightweight design, and the future of work in a time of increasing digitization, were this year’s most important topics at the world’s leading tradeshow for industrial technology.

Roughly 6,500 exhibitors from around the world presented solutions for the future of manufacturing and energy supply, including more than 500 examples of the deployment of artificial intelligence in industrial manufacturing, 5G applications, and solutions for the energy and mobility transitions.

In a rich array of Hannover Messe forums and conferences, experts from industry, government and the R&D community stimulated fruitful dialogue on topics such as Industry 4.0, AI and the future of work.

Especially, Boston Global Forum (BGF) and Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI) will also organize AI World Society – G7 Summit Initiative at Harvard University on April 25, 2019. This summit will focus on the AI-Government Model for democracy in the age of Artificial Intelligence. This is a new and evolutionary political development.

5 Ways to Leverage AI in Your Company’s Strategy

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the next major breakthrough for our world. Businesses are including AI in their strategy to amplify results.

To apply AI to business and create positive outcomes, there are 5 most effective ways of turning your company into an AI-advocate including:

  1. Use AI for Customer Service such as AI bots for social channel;
  2. Automate the Boring Stuff with using narrow AI;
  3. Improve Management with AI evidence-based and data-generated insights;
  4. Next-Level Marketing and Advertising with AI to write and rewrite content, as well as automate time-consuming tasks;
  5. Better Personalization using Machine Learning to contextualize potential customers.

As you’re probably noticing already, the AI industry is constantly changing and shaping its angles. It’s moving forward, and our business environment and the world itself is rapidly adapting to every new perk that technology brings. AI is the next major breakthrough—just like the Internet or TV. AI will change the world, which has been initiated and forecasted by AI World Society (AIWS) and Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI). AI can be an important tool to serve and strengthen businesses, services, and customer experiences for a better social life.

Statement of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, April 1, 2019 On the New Era Name “Reiwa”

On May 1, His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince will accede to the Imperial throne, and this new era name will be used from that day forward. I ask for the understanding and cooperation of the people on this. The government is taking all possible measures to prepare for this historic succession to the Imperial throne from a living Emperor — the first such instance in approximately 200 years — to take place smoothly, and for the Japanese people to celebrate the day with one accord.

Prime Minister was honored as a World Leader for Peace and Cybersecurity Award 2015 by Governor Michael Dukakis, Co-founder and Chairman of the Boston Global Forum, on Global Cybersecurity Day, December 12, 2015, at Harvard University Faculty Club. Prime Minister Abe delivered a speech on cybersecurity at this event.

A.I. and Privacy Concerns Get White House to Embrace Global Cooperation

The success of AI depends on training data, whose process of collection may violate the end-users’ privacy if not done the right way. Privacy, therefore, should be one of the very first considerations when it comes to regulation of AI.

The New York Times recently published a post about how the US has started to pay serious attention to this matter. Last September, the Trump administration began working closely with the 36-nation Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to create international guidelines for the design and use of artificial intelligence. “We’re focused on promoting an international environment that supports A.I. research and development and ensures the technology is developed in a manner aligned with our nation’s core civil liberties and freedoms,” said Michael Kratsios, deputy assistant to the president for technology policy.

The specific goal on the US side is a federal law that will “harmonize” data privacy rules in the United States and mesh enough with the European standard to avoid a more splintered marketplace.  In the same sprit, the AI World Society (AIWS) initiative of the Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation also focuses on promoting ethical norms and practices in AI. We have published the AIWS Ethics and Practices Index which measures the extent to which a government’s AI activities respect human values and contribute to the constructive use of AI. We hope to work with the US government on this important matter which unquestionably will affect the future of our nation.

To Honor The Fathers of The Internet Vinton Cerf at AI World Society – G7 Summit Conference

ALERT TO MEDIA: Coverage is invited.

To Register Contact: Dick Pirozzolo [email protected] or 1-617-959-4613

Vinton Cerf, one of the Fathers of the Internet, to receive World Leader in AI World Society Award   

at AI World Society – G7 Summit Conference at Harvard University on April 25

He will speak on “Artificial Intelligence and the future of the Internet,”

AI World Society (AIWS) will host Vinton Cerf, a Father of the Internet, as part of its commitment to offer fresh ideas from the world’s most brilliant minds to the next G7 Summit to be held in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

Cerf will speak at the AI World Society Symposium on AI-Standards and Legal Concepts:

8:30 am – 12:00 pm, April 25, 2019

17 Quincy Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138

Advance registration is required for press credentials

Cerf, the Father of the Internet: Honored as World Leader in AI World Society (AIWS)

According to his biography by the Internet Hall of Fame Vinton G. Cerf, codesigned the TCP/IP protocols and architecture of the Internet, and once served as Chairman of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

Also, as vice president and chief Internet evangelist for Google since 2005, he is responsible for identifying new enabling technologies to support the development of advanced, Internet-based products and services from Google and is a public face for Google in the Internet world.

Cerf is the former senior vice president of Technology Strategy for MCI, where he helped guide corporate strategy development from the technical perspective. Previously, Cerf served as MCI’s senior vice president of Architecture and Technology, leading a team of architects and engineers to design advanced networking frameworks including Internet-based solutions for delivering a combination of data, information, voice and video services for business and consumer use.

Among those participating will be Governor Michael Dukakis, who will deliver the Opening Remarks

Arnaud Mentré, Consul General of France in Boston The French Perspective on Artificial Intelligence and the G7 Summit, which will be held in France on August 25–27, 2019.

 

Also speaking are:

Professor Thomas Patterson: AI World Society – G7 Summit Initiative

Professor Matthias Scheutz: Concepts for AIWS Standards

Paul Nemitz: Legal Concepts for AI – Layer 4 of AI World Society.

 

AI WORLD SOCIETY (AIWS) was created by The Boston Global Forum (BGF) to examine issues and developments centering on the role of AI in society.

The Boston Global Forum (BGF) is a not-for-profit think tank based in Boston, Massachusetts. Its mission is to bring together, in an open and accessible public forum, an eclectic and engaging spectrum of esteemed academic leaders, real-world experts, thought leaders, media experts and promising young leaders, who are dedicated to seeking peaceful solutions to the most contentious issues of our times.

An offshoot of The Boston Global Forum, The Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI) was born in 2015 with the mission of generating ideas, creating solutions, and deploying initiatives to solve global issues, especially focused on Cybersecurity and Artificial Intelligence.

Further details are available by contacting Mr. Tuan Anh Nguyen, Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of The Boston Global Forum, and Director of The Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation.

Mr. Nguyen may be reached at [email protected].

Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan speaks at the Vietnam Internet Forum

On March 20 and 21, the Swedish Embassy in Vietnam, UNDP, and Hanoi Government organized the Vietnam Internet Forum. This is the second time the Forum, is held, with the first being in 2017.

Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, co-founder and CEO of the Boston Global Forum was invited as a speaker at the Vietnam Internet Forum.

He talked about AI World Society and AI-Government, and encouraged Vietnam to apply AI-Government.

In his talk, he introduced the Social Value Point (SVP) as a part of AI World Society to promote and recognize the contributions of citizens. SVP is actually substantially different from the Social Credit System of China. SVP protects the privacy rights of personal data, disagree with collect data without permission of citizens, and only save contribution of citizens to encourage and incentive good citizens. SVP also will be run by non-government organizations.

How Pope Francis Could Shape the Future of Robotics

There are many ways our future will change because of AI. We heard it many times, but now the Vatican is talking. BBC recently reported about a workshop on robotics held at the Vatican’s Pontifical Academy of Life. The theme is “Roboethics: Humans, Machines and Health”.

Pope Francis in his opening keynote pressed the need to think about societal costs when develop new technologies, particularly in robotics. The future of robotics needs to be shaped in accordance to what it means to be human because otherwise there would be unpredictable damages to future generations on the planet.

Why is the Vatican concerned? Robots have been made with the idea that maybe human bodies should transition from organic to inorganic forms. We, as humans, “will no longer be recognized as flesh and blood humans, in 10,000 years time”, said Japanese Professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University, who is world-famous for making human-like robots.

The Vatican disagreed. Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia, President of the Pontifical Academy for Life, said that “this dream is a terrible dream,” adding that it was “impossible” to divide the body and soul.

Questions about the morality of AI and robotics have been raised by many, for example, in a report last year by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies. The AI World Society (AIWS) of the Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation has also published a report on AI Ethics suggesting a framework for promoting ethical norms and practices in the development and use of AI.

The Vatican recently partnered with Microsoft to offer an international prize on ethics and AI. The Pontifical Academy of Life already set the agenda for next year’s meeting to focus on AI.  The attention of the Vatican on the issue is noteworthy and the upcoming actions guided by Pope Francis could be a factor in the future of AI, which in turn, will shape the future of our lives.

See the full BBC article here.

The Ethical Character of Algorithms—and What It Means for Fairness, the Character of Decision-Making, and the Future of News

Algorithms are purposed to create computing tools to assist us efficiently, but, today, they are increasingly replacing humans in making critical decisions in many areas of life. Hence arise the questions: are they honest, do they have politics, or does it all depend on how they are used? Dr. Mark MacCarthy, a Senior Fellow of Public Policy at Georgetown University, recently published an article expressing his viewpoint on the issue of Ethical Character of Algorithms.

“Fairness in algorithms is a nuanced issue”, he wrote. For example, the COMPAS algorithm, which computes a score predicting whether someone will reoffend if released from prison, is regarded differently by different groups. One side argues that COMPAS unfairly results in African-Americans being incorrectly labeled as twice higher risk than whites. The other side defends the score because “its accuracy rate—that is, the rate at which their predictions of recidivism are correct—is the same for both African-Americans and whites at about 60 percent”. Obviously, there are different stands on this controversial political issue in using the algorithm. “The algorithm inevitably has an ethical character”, concluded Dr. MacCarthy.

Another issue raised is the use (or abuse) of prediction value in algorithms. When criminals are being sentenced, traditionally it is understood as a punishment. With the help of algorithms, like the COMPAS algorithm above mentioned, the decision becomes more about whether it is safe to release them. In other words, because of algorithms, we have changed the character of decision making. The article by Dr. MacCarthy also discussed the effect of personalization on the future of news. As more and more young people get their news from social media, news curating algorithms may have intrinsic political effects, hence profound consequences for our democracy.

There is an ethical character in algorithms and it is important that we recognize it. This very complex issue calls for actions from the government and policy makers. The AI World Society (AIWS) has published the AIWS Ethics and Practices Index which measures the extent to which a government’s AI activities respects human values and contributes to the constructive use of AI.

AI can predict premature death

A new study just published this week on PLOS (Public Library of Science) ONE has come out to suggest that we can develop machine learning systems that are better than human experts in predicting the risk of early death.

The team of health care data scientists and doctors at the University of Nottingham (UK) has developed such a system, which is applied to a middle-aged population, and found the prediction accuracy very promising.  The impact of this development is significant because it could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future.

“AI will play a vital part in the development of future tools capable of delivering personalised medicine, tailoring risk management to individual patients, ” predicted the researchers at Nottingham.

There is room for improvement though.  The authors of the study would like to explore other large databases and populations, as well as other common machine learning algorithms.

The AI World Society (AIWS) highly values the contribution of the Nottingham team. Though it is difficult to anticipate how AI will change humanity, it’s believed that we have great scientists and scholars who are continuously working and preparing us for whatever is coming.

AI accurately predicts the useful life of batteries, Stanford and MIT researchers find

Scientists at Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Toyota Research Institute have found how to accurately predict the useful lifespan of lithium-ion batteries, used in devices from mobile phones to electric cars.

Combining comprehensive experimental data and artificial intelligence revealed the key for accurately predicting the useful life of lithium-ion batteries before their capacities start to wane. After the researchers trained their machine learning model with a few hundred million data points of batteries charging and discharging, the algorithm predicted how many more cycles each battery would last, based on voltage declines and a few other factors among the early cycles.

The new method has many potential applications, for example, it can shorten the time for validating new types of batteries, which is especially important given rapid advances in materials. With the sorting technique, electric vehicle batteries determined to have short lifespans – too short for cars – could be used instead to power street lights or back up data centers. Recyclers could find cells from used EV battery packs with enough capacity left for a second life.

This breakthrough AI application could optimize battery manufacturing by shortening the manufacturing time and production cost. This important AI application is also promoted and supported by AI World Society (AIWS) to develop an advanced AI technology for optimizing production and improving the quality for a better human society. 

New Data Science Platforms Highlight NVIDIA’s GPU Conference

NVIDIA’s GPU Technology Conference (GTC) is a global conference series providing training, insights, and direct access to experts on the hottest topics in Computing and Artificial Intelligence (AI) today.

GTC has evolved into the industry’s largest AI show, partially because of the role GPUs (Graphic Processing Units). The parallel-processing capabilities of the GPU reduced the load time to 4 minutes, and queries can be run in real time, making the system interactive. This is significant, because data scientists are very expensive resources for companies and should be kept busy. The right infrastructure and software can maximize the productivity of data scientists.

Also at GTC, Amazon Web Services announced a partnership with NVIDIA in which businesses can leverage the ubiquity and cost benefits of the cloud to deploy AI to IoT and edge devices. The joint product lets customers develop, create, train and optimize AI models in the AWS cloud and then deploy them to Jetson powered devices such as smart cameras, manufacturing equipment using AWS IoT Greengrass.

Following to this trend, AI World Society (AIWS) also realizes the importance of AI infrastructure including GPU highly efficient processing, as well as its foundation to scale AI, machine learning and data sciences for an AI Ethics to serve the interests of humanity and world society.

Artificial Intelligence in the Automotive Industry

In 2019, the first cars qualified as ADAS (Adaptive Driver Assistance System) level 3 will hit the road, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) will enter ADAS level 2 cars, replacing conventional computer-vision algorithms.  For infotainment, AI is already present in high-end BMW, Volvo, and Mercedes models as an option involving relatively low volumes. Moreover, embedded in-car computing remains quite inexpensive because the computing is done in the Cloud. However, as for the smart-home market, there is a willingness to bring AI to the Edge, implying the need to create powerful, more expensive computing.

AI enters the fray with speech and gesture recognition technologies. Smart-home giants Google and Amazon are now in cars with their well-known speech recognition solutions “Ok, Google!” and “Alexa”, respectively. And Google goes even further by integrating its Android operating system. In terms of gesture recognition, Sony Softkinetic plays a central role with OEMs in developing these solutions.

“Artificial intelligence shortens the path to autonomy and brings the home into the car,” comments Yohann Tschudi, PhD., Technology & Market Analyst at Yole. “AI is slowly but surely invading more and more markets, and thus the daily movements of each one.” According to Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI), AI can be an important tool to serve and strengthen our society and improve human life quality, such as smart homes and autonomous car in a near future.

AI World Society Distinguished Lecture for 2019 to be held in Tokyo

ALERT TO MEDIA: Coverage is invited.

Register in advance with:

Dick Pirozzolo [email protected] 1-617-959-4613 or NOBUE MITA Tokyo at: [email protected]

Hitachi Chief Scientist Kazuo Yano is named to deliver

AIWS Distinguished Lecture for 2019 on March 26

Kazuo Yano, Corporate Chief Scientist of Hitachi and a member of AI World Society Standards and Practice Committee will deliver the AI World Society Distinguished Lecture for 2019.

Much of Yano’s watershed work has been focused on quantifying happiness through the deployment of artificial intelligence and big data and applying that knowledge to the corporate environment.

Yano, who is a visiting professor at the University of Tokyo, will speak at 3:30 pm – 5:30 pm, March 26, 2019 at the Hitachi Central Laboratory in Kokubunji, Tokyo, and will focus on establishing AI World Society Standards.

Also speaking will be: Mr.Yuichi Iwata, senior researcher from Nakasone Peace Institute, Mr.Kei Yamamoto, president of D-Ocean and Mr.Yuji Ukai, the president of FFIR.

See agenda below.

Yano is widely regarded for his pioneering work in semiconductors, such as the creation of the first room-temperature single-electron memory in 1993. He also pioneered measurement and analysis of social big data and is the author of, “The Invisible Hand,” one of the top ten business books published in Japan in2014.

The AI World Society Distinguished Lectures

Each year, the Boston Global Forum and the Michael Dukakis Institute organizes – The AI World Society Distinguished Lecture to honor those who have made outstanding contributions in AI that are associated with fostering the Artificial Intelligence World Society (AIWS) 7- Layer Model.

The AIWS Distinguished Lectures focus on ideas and visions of the honorees that brought them to their current position of achievement and highlight, their contribution to shaping the future.

The lecturer will be awarded the Certificate of Honor—the AIWS Distinguished Lecture from the Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation (MDI) and the AIWS Initiative. The annual lectures are retained as part of the historical records at AIWS House, published in an e-book and featured in a special section of the Shaping Futures Magazine.

About MDI – Boston Global Forum

Boston Global Forum (BGF), based in Boston, Massachusetts, was founded to bring together the world’s thought leaders and experts to participate in open public forums to discuss and illuminate the most critical issues impacting the world at large.

BGF’s principal mission is to provide an interactive and collaborative world forum for identifying and developing action-based solutions to our most profound problems. Its method is to host gatherings of thought leaders and experts to identify and explore the most pressing societal concerns and propose creative and practical solutions.

AI World Society Distinguished Lecture

Agenda

4:30 pm: Introduction, Ms. Nobue Mita, Representative of the Boston Global Forum in Japan

Opening Remarks, Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, Co-Founder, and CEO of the Boston Global Forum, Director of Michael Dukakis Institute for Leadership and Innovation

4:40 pm:  AI World Society Standards, Mr. Kazuo Yano, Corporate Chief Scientist, Hitachi, Member of AI World Society Standards and Practice Committee

Also speaking will be: Mr.Yuichi Iwata, senior researcher from Nakasone Peace Institute, Mr.Kei Yamamoto, president of D-Ocean and Mr.Yuji Ukai, the president of FFIR.

5:40 pm: Discussion

6:25 pm: Present Certificate of AI World Society Distinguished Lecturer to Mr. Kazuo Yano by Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan

6:30 pm: Closing Remarks

Arguing With AI

AI could help college debaters become more persuasive, but experts are divided over the promise of computer-assisted coaching, according to Inside Higher Ed, a media company and online publication that provides news, opinion, resources, events and jobs focused on college and university topics.

Last month marked the first time a machine-versus-man debate competition took place. The machine, Project Debater, is an AI-powered technology implementation of IBM that helps people develop persuasive arguments and make well-informed decisions. Project Debater lost to human Champion Debater Harish Natarajan, but the company hopes that the technology can be useful to college debate. It could be a practice opponent, a research aid, or even a judge of the strength of students’ arguments.

However, not every debate expert is on the same page. An argument is that AI may not understand the full process of argumentation, for example, “shaping and altering the arguments based on the particular audience” (humor, eye contact, delivery and subtlety of argument). Another argument is “debate is both an art and a science”. A debate coach likened the AI’s performance in the live debate to that of a novice debater. It was able to compile all the information but “didn’t know how to use it”.

Important points are also raised about equality and honesty. The technology might only be affordable at the wealthiest institutions, hence, an unfair advantage. It is not sure whether the use of AI would be deemed intellectually honest by college debate judges.

The world of college debate is slow to change. AI for college debate? Too early or harmful? See the full article here.

See the full report on the survey here.