Ethics Code of Conduct for Cyber Peace and Security (ECCC) Version 2.0

Ethics Code of Conduct for Cyber Peace and Security (ECCC) Version 2.0


Version 2.0

Governor Michael Dukakis, Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, Mr. Allan Cytryn, Prof. Nazli Choucri, Prof. Thomas Patterson, Prof. Derek Reveron, Prof. John E. Savage, Prof. John Quelch, Prof. Carlos Torres.

The Boston Global Forum’s Ethics Code of Conduct for Cyber Peace and Security (ECCC) makes the following recommendations for maintaining the security, stability and integrity of cyberspace.

Net Citizens Should

  • Engage in responsible behavior on the Internet, e.g.
    • Conduct oneself online with the same thoughtfulness, consideration and respect for others that you expect from them, both online and offline
    • Do not visit suspicious websites
  • Learn and apply security best practices, e.g.
    • Update software when notified by vendors.
    • Ensure your PC has virus protection software installed and running.
    • Use strong passwords, change them periodically, and do not share them.
    • Do not transmit personally identifiable information to unknown sites.
    • Maintain a healthy suspicion of email from unknown sources.
    • For web communication use HTTPS instead of HTTP when possible.

 Policy Makers Should

  • Endorse and implement recommendations made by the 2015 UN Group of Government Experts (GGE), the Group of Seven (G7) and the Group of Twenty (G20). Below we summarize the important norms concerning information and communication technologies (ICTs).
    1. [GGE] International law, including the UN Charter, applies online.
    2. [GGE] States should help limit harmful uses of ICTs, especially those that threaten international peace and security.
    3. [GGE] States should recognize that good attribution in cyberspace is difficult to obtain, which means miscalculation in response to cyber incidents is possible.
    4. [GGE] States should not knowingly allow their territory to be used for malicious ICT activity.
    5. [GGE] States should assist other states victimized by an ICT attack.
    6. [GGE] States, in managing ICT activities, should respect the Human Rights Council and UN General Assembly resolutions on privacy and freedom of expression.
    7. [GGE] States should protect their critical infrastructure from ICT threats.
    8. [GGE] A state should not conduct or permit ICT use that damages the critical infrastructure of another state or impairs its operations.
    9. [GGE] States should work to ensure the integrity of the supply chain so as to maintain confidence in the security of ICT products.
    10. [GGE] States should prevent the proliferation of malicious ICT tools and techniques and the use of harmful hidden functions.
    11. [GGE] States should encourage reporting of ICT vulnerabilities and the sharing of remedies for them.
    12. [GGE] States should not knowingly attempt to harm the operations of a computer emergency response team. Nor should it use such a team for malicious international activity.
    13. [G7] No state should conduct or support ICT-enabled theft of intellectual property, trade secrets or other confidential business information for commercial gain.
    14. [G7] If ICT activity amounts to the use of force (an armed attack), states can invoke Article 51 of the UN Charter in response.
    15. [G7] States should collaborate on research and development on security, privacy and resilience.
    16. [G7] States are encouraged to join the Budapest Convention.

 IT Engineers Should

  • Apply best practices in the design, implementation and testing of hardware and software products so as to
    • Avoid ICT vulnerabilities,
    • Protect user privacy and data
  • Make use of the NIST “Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity” as a guide for improving the security of critical applications.

Business Firms and Business Leaders Should

  • Take responsibility for handling sensitive corporate data stored electronically.
  • Create employment criteria to ensure that employees are qualified to design and implement products and services that meet high security standards.
  • Ensure that IT engineers are kept abreast of the latest ICT security threats.
  • Implement effective Cyber Resilience in your business.
  • Engage in information sharing of ICT hazards, subject to reasonable safeguards, with other companies in similar businesses.

Educators, Influencers/Institutions Should

  • Teach the responsibilities of net citizens described above, including fostering good behavior and avoidance of malicious activity.
  • Ensure that IT engineers are taught the skills necessary to produce safe, reliable and secure ICT products and services.
  • Educate and lead global citizens to support and implement the ECCC.
  • Create honors and awards to recognize outstanding individuals who contribute greatly to a secure and safe cyberspace.


Ampersand: Carlos Alberto Torres’ Words of Appreciation upon receiving an Honoris Causa Doctorate

Ampersand: Carlos Alberto Torres’ Words of Appreciation upon receiving an Honoris Causa Doctorate

UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education recognized by the Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias.

December 13, 2016

UCLA Professor of Education Carlos Alberto Torres has received a Doutoramento Honoris Causa from the Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias. The prestigious private university has campuses in Portugal, Brazil, and throughout Africa.

carlos-alberto-torres-director-of-the-ucla“It is with a deep feeling of happiness, pleasure and humility that I receive this Honorary Doctorate from this exalted place of study,” said Torres at a ceremony which took place in Lisbon in October in honor of himself and fellow recipient António Manuel Sampaio da Nóvoa of the University of Lisbon. “As professors, we express deep beliefs we have come to in the process of research and theoretical reflection. Ours is an existential dialogue involving theory, investigation, and praxis that makes the experience and meaning of disciplinary practice a quasi sacred act; an act of respect for the truth, even if truth is always a social construct. Thus, as professors, we are cultural workers and, because all narratives are culturally constructed, we need to question them.”

Three of Torres’ books on Brazilian philosopher Paulo Freire were written in Portuguese, including “Dialogue with Paulo Freire” (1979); “Consciousness and history: Paulo Freire’s Educative Praxis” (1979); and “A Critical Reading of Paulo Freire” (1981). In addition, Torres’ first novel, “Sir Charles’ Manuscript” (2005) was written in Portuguese.

Professor Torres also spoke in congratulations to UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon, who was has been named Global Citizen of the Year at the observance of Global Cybersecurity Day on December 12 at Harvard University.

For a video of Professor Torres at the Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, click here.

New Year’s Distinguished Address of the Global Citizenship Education Network

New Year’s Distinguished Address of the Global Citizenship Education Network

The 2016 Address will occur in the Convention Room, Office of Khanh Hoa Governor, Nha Trang City, Vietnam.

The 2017 Address will be delivered in the Office of the Khanh Hoa Governor, Nha Trang City, Vietnam.

Starting January 1, 2017, Global Citizenship Education Network is establishing an Annual Distinguished Address. This event will be hosted by a world top thinker, great professor, or one of the world’s most influential individuals, during which, he or she will present the Global Citizenship Education Network New Year Memorandum.

To start the new tradition, Professor Carlos Alberto Torres, Chair of UNESCO-UCLA Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education, and Co-Chair of the Global Citizenship Education Network, will present the first Distinguished Address in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Date: January 1, 2017
Time : 8:00 am, GMT, January 1, 2017 ( 3:00 pm, January 1, 2017, at 3pm (Vietnam), 8:00am (GMT)
Location: Conference Room, Office of Khanh Hoa Governor, Nha Trang City, Vietnam
Live Broadcast: Global Citizenship Education Network’s GCE.GSEIS.UCLA.EDU

About The 2017 Speaker


Dr. Carlos Alberto Torres is a Member of the Board of Thinkers, Boston Global Forum; Distinguished Professor of Education; Director, UCLA Paulo Freire Institute; UNESCO Chair in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education.

Dr. Carlos Alberto Torres is a political sociologist of education, a published poet and short story author. He did his undergraduate work in sociology in Argentina (B.A. honors and teaching credential in Sociology, Universidad del Salvador), his graduate work in Mexico (M.A. Political Science. FLACSO) and the United States (Master of Arts and Ph.D. in International Development Education, Stanford University), and post-doctoral studies in educational foundations in Canada (University of Alberta). He is a Professor of Social Science and Comparative Education at the UCLA Graduate School of Education and Information Studies and Chair of UNESCO-UCLA  in Global Learning and Global Citizenship Education.

In 1991, in partnership with several colleagues, he created the Paulo Freire Institute, PFI, and is currently serving as its Founding Director at the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at UCLA. He also served as director of the UCLA Latin American Center. Dr. Torres has been a Visiting Professor in universities in North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia and Africa. He has lectured throughout Latin America and the United States, and in universities in England, Japan, Italy, Spain, Tanzania, Finland, Mozambique, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Costa Rica, Portugal, Taiwan, Korea, Sweden and South Africa.

Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan Introducing Global Citizen Scorecard

Mr. Nguyen Anh Tuan Introducing Global Citizen Scorecard


Speech about Global Citizen Scorecard by Mr. Nguyen  Anh Tuan

Good afternoon. I want to talk briefly today about an idea for a new Boston Global Forum program. The program would aim to recognize and encourage global citizens.

An outline of the proposed program is provided in the handout.


The Boston Global Forum is partnering with UCLA in on Global Citizen Education. The question is what BGF can do for its part.

What’s being proposed is a program that would identify GLOBAL CITIZENS, acknowledge their status, connect them through a network, and encourage them to take a leadership role in Global Citizen education.

The program would be conducted entirely through the Internet.

One component would be a GLOBAL CITIZEN SCORECARD. Scorecards have found regular use in recent years as a way to measure individual achievement and progress.

In our case, the SCORECARD would test whether individuals have the values, outlooks, and behaviors associated with global citizenship—for example, whether they respect and show tolerance of those who have different political or religious affiliations than the ones they hold.

The SCORECARD would be self-administered online. Those who score too low to reach the required threshold for designation as a GLOBAL CITIZEN would be directed to instructional materials that would help them to understand what global citizenship requires and what they can do to become a GLOBAL CITIZEN.

On the other hand, for those who score high enough to meet the threshold for GLOBAL CITIZEN, they would be asked to provide their name, country, and email address.

When they do so, they would be directed immediately to a web page that has a printable GLOBAL CITIZEN CERTIFICATE with their name on it. The CERTIFICATE would also bear a unique number, modeled after the U.S. social security numbering system. One of the numbers would designate their country.

These GLOBAL CITIZENS would then have access—using their email address and number—to a network comprised of others who have achieved that designation.

The network is the key. The certification process is designed to recognize those who have the values and perspectives of a GLOBAL CITIZEN but it is the network—the interaction between individuals across the world who share those values and perspectives—where their commitment to global citizenship would be strengthened.

This network of citizens would complement the network of thought leaders that we’ve been building through the Boston Global Forum. Among the resources that would be made available to those in the GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION NETWORK would be those of BGF and UCLA’s Global Citizenship Education Program.

Another component of the proposed program is a leadership initiative. It would be open only to those who are in the GLOBAL CITIZENS NETWORK and would aim to encourage them to take a leadership role in bringing the perspectives and values of global citizenship to others in their community.

Here again, we would have a certification process that would test and recognize leadership. We are thinking of different leadership levels—Bronze, Silver, and Gold—modeled on the format of the Olympics. Demonstrated leadership in global citizenship, and at different levels, would be required for a GLOBAL CITIZEN to receive one of these designations.

And as with the GLOBAL CITIZEN NETWORK, we would create an online network consisting of those at each leadership level. The assumption here is that their leadership will be reinforced and enhanced through contact with those with a similar level of commitment.

So that’s a general outline of the program that we are considering. If you think the program has merit, we will prepare a fuller description of it, including a draft version of the SCORECARD, for our December meeting.

If we were to go ahead with the program, it would take time to develop the software and instructional materials that would be required. Nevertheless, we think the program could be operational sometime in 2017.

Thank you.